PRELIMS BOOSTER 2018: Capped langur and North Atlantic Treaty Organization (North Atlantic Alliance)
- May 31, 2018
- Posted by: InsightsIAS
- Category: PRELIMS BOOSTERS 2018
PRELIMS BOOSTER 2018
Capped langur and North Atlantic Treaty Organization (North Atlantic Alliance)
- Vulnerable – IUCN
- Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act
- Appendix I in CITES
- primate in the family Cercopithecidae
- subtropical or tropical dry forests.
- Range : found in Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, China, India, and Myanmar
- human alteration of habitat — jhum cultivation, plant monoculture, timber and firewood harvests, and other development, resulting in a loss of fruiting and lodging trees.
- trade for their meat and other body parts, and as pets
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (North Atlantic Alliance)
- intergovernmental military alliance
- Treaty that was signed on 4 April 1949
- Headquarters — Brussels, Belgium
- headquarters of Allied Command Operations — Mons, Belgium.
- It constitutes a system of collective defence whereby its independent member states agree to mutual defence in response to an attack by any external party
- Members — 28 countries bordering the North Atlantic Ocean
- It includes Canada, the United States, Turkey and most members of the European Union
- political – NATO promotes democratic values and enables members to consult and cooperate on defence and security-related issues to solve problems, build trust and, in the long run, prevent conflict.
- military – NATO is committed to the peaceful resolution of disputes. If diplomatic efforts fail, it has the military power to undertake crisis-management operations. These are carried out under the collective defence clause of NATO’s founding treaty – Article 5 of the Washington Treaty or under a United Nations mandate, alone or in cooperation with other countries and international organisations.