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1) Socialism is like a hat that has lost its shape because everyone wears it. Evaluate in context of the various forms of socialism in practice during 19th and 20th century. (250 words) 

TOPIC: Political philosophies like communism, Capitalism, socialism etc, their forms and
effect on the society.

1) Socialism is like a hat that has lost its shape because everyone wears it. Evaluate in context of the various forms of socialism in practice during 19th and 20th century. (250 words) 

 

Key demand of the question

The question makes an assertion that socialism has lost its meaning because of the various forms of socialism in practice. We have to examine the various schools of socialism, their similarities and differences and whether socialism still conveys some essential meaning or whether it is just a meta ideology.

Directive word

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight what the statement tries to convey before going into its evaluation

Body

  • Bring out the contrasts in the various forms of socialism in practice over the ages – revolutionary socialism as advocated by Mao, Marx, Lenin; Fabian socialism; Syndicate socialism etc
  • Examine whether their end objectives and their methods had some semblance of similarity.
  • Examine whether our understanding of socialism has reached some ground and what it means to us today

Conclusion – Highlight that till the time inequality exists in society, socialism will be relevant.