PRELIMS BOOSTER 2018: Namdapha Flying Squirrel and International Civil Aviation Organization

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PRELIMS BOOSTER 2018

Namdapha Flying Squirrel and International Civil Aviation Organization


Namdapha Flying Squirrel


  1. critically endangered — IUCN
  2. It is arboreal and nocturnal
  3. restricted to a single valley in the Namdapha Tiger Reserve in Arunachal Pradesh

 

  1. Habitat

dry deciduous montane forests occupying moist forest tracts along streams 

 

  1. Threats
  • Poaching of animals for food
  • habitat loss and degradation
  • landslides and flooding that results in habitat loss

 

  1. It is among the 25 “most wanted lost” species that are the focus of Global Wildlife Conservation’s “Search for Lost Species” initiative

International Civil Aviation Organization


  1. Established in 1947 under Chicago convention on International Civil Aviation.
  2. It is a specialized agency of the United Nations linked to Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)
  3. secretariat — Montreal, Canada

 

  1. members — 191member

 

  1. Functions
  • sets standards and regulations necessary for aviations afety, security, efficiency as well as for aviation environmental protection.
  • Codify the principles and techniques of international air navigation
  • foster the planning and development of international air transport to ensure safe and orderly growth
  • defines the protocols for air accident investigation followed by transport safety authorities in countries signatory to the Chicago Convention

 

  1. CORSIA – Carbon Offsetting and Reporting Scheme for International Aviation à market based measure for international aviation to measure carbon emission

 

  1. Governance structure
  • Assembly – consists of every member coutry
  • ICAO Council
  • elected by the Assembly every 3 years
  • consists of 36 members elected in 3 categories
  • Air Navigation Commission (ANC)
  • technical body within ICAO
  • composed of 19 Commissioners nominated by the ICAO’s contracting states and appointed by the ICAO Council
  • Task : development of international Standards And Recommended Practices