[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 28 MAY 2018

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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 28 MAY 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)

REVISION TIMETABLE FOR PRELIMS – 2018 

Revision Tests


General Studies – 1


TOPIC: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

1)There are systemic issues that act as barriers against entry of minorities like Dalits and Muslims in Indian cricket. Analyse. (250 words) 

Epw

Why this question

Indian cricket is poorly represented by the Dalits and other minorities like Muslims. The question is more of a sociological question rather than highlighting a expedient action required. The issue is related to GS 1 syllabus under the following heading-

Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to bring out the reasons behind poor representation of minorities in Indian Cricket. We have to look into all the aspects of the issue.

Directive word

Analyse- we have to look deep into the issue and identify the key aspects of the which need to be addressed- systemic issues that act as barriers against entry of minorities in cricket. We also have to see if there are any other related aspects also.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– mention the low number of cricketers from India’s minority communities especially Dalits, Muslims and also Sikhs.

Body-

Discuss in points the systemic issues behind this.

The princes and the British had multiple motives to encourage diversity. This included the belief that cricket would “civilise the natives” and that it could be a unifying factor.  But corporate patronage ended this diversity and laid stress on player’s qualifications (e.g TATAs),

non-sweaty, non-contact and slow nature of the sport which is better  suited to Brahminical tastes,

relegation of dalits and muslims to bowling only,

hockey among SIkhs was more popular, cricket is not as developed in Kashmir and Noth-east- where most of non-Hindu population lives etc.

Conclusion– mention the inadequacy of data regarding representation of minorities in Cricket and other associated factors which affect representation like regional and urban development of Cricket,

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

2) Implementation of RERA leaves a lot to be desired. Critically analyze. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

RERA was introduced with much fanfare and was expected to transform the real estate sector dealings. Implementation of RERA however raises a lot of question and need to be examined in detail.

Key demand of the question

The question basically expects us to provide whether the implementation of RERA has resolved the problems of real estate dealings. Or else, we are expected to get into depth of the challenges in the implementation of RERA that need to be tackled.

Directive word

Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. You need to conclude with  a fair judgement, after analyzing the nature of each component part and interrelationship between them.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain in brief about RERA.

Body

  • Mention some of the key provisions of RERA
  • Talk about the status quo of implementation and examine the reasons for delay.
  • Analyze how can we quicken the entire process
  • Talk about the benefits that will accrue if RERA is properly implemented

Conclusion – Present your view on the implementation of RERA and the way forward.


Topic Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges

3)The rules governing the functioning of the Rajya Sabha have not kept pace with the times and requires reform. Examine (250 words)

Indian express

 

Why this question

The rules governing the functioning of the Rajya Sabha have not kept pace with the times. Earlier this month, Vice President Venkaiah Naidu appointed a two-member committee to make recommendations for revising the rules of the Upper House. This makes a discussion to understand the requirement of reforms in rules of Rajya Sabha and the kind of reforms required, imperative.

Key demand of the question

The questik expects us to challenge the assertion whether the rule of Rajya Sabha have become anachronistic. This would require an analysis into the performance of Rajya sabha and where all the rules are creating bottlenecks. We would have to provide way forward as well.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Talk about some of the recent controversy in Rajya Sabha which has necessitated a relook into the rules of the rajya sabha

Body

  • Briefly explain the origin of Rajya Sabha rules.
  • Briefly explain that nature of governance and legislation has changed significantly which means that the legislators can not keep on functioning in business as usual attitude
  • Examine whether the rules have not kept pace with times and merit reform – talk about the performance of Rajya sabha as an institution, efficiency etc
  • Suggest some of the changes required in the rules

Conclusion – Present your view on the assertion made in the question and present a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


TopicIndian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

4) Recent estimates for employment generation do not give the true picture of the economy and suffers from flaws on several fronts. Examine. (250 words)

epw

Why this question

The recent estimates of employment generation have been criticized for being over estimating the employment generation in the country. The estimates have been based on data from EPFO, ESIC, PFRDA. The results however do not corroborate with other factors. The issue is related to GS 3 syllabus under the following heading-

Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to give reason for why the recent employment generation statistics are inflated and do not represent the true picture of employment in the economy.

Directive word

Examine- We have to dig deep into the issue and come out with proper reasons as to why the recent estimates do not represent the true picture of the economy and we have to form our arguments/ facts etc in support of the answer.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- Mention the quantum of jobs created as per the recent employment generation estimates by the govt. And mention the sources of data- EPFO, ESIC, PFRDA.

Body– discuss in detail about the flaws in the present estimates.

E.g some of the schemes are mandatory while others optional and hence don’t represent a true picture of even formal sector employment,  it is hard to distinguish the accounts of those newly joining the labour market from those being formalised because of the change in the ­nature of enterprise, not in consonance with the Labour Bureau’s annual surveys which point out decrease in employment in agriculture etc.

Conclusion- mention the need for household surveys to capture the true and holistic picture of the employment generation in the economy,

 


TOPIC: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation

5) India’s efforts at addressing climate change and the wider issues of environmental governance has been far from convincing. Critically examine.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question

As the impact of climate change becomes more apparent, and the Paris deal fails to make the dent that was expected of it, how we are dealing with questions related to sustainability and climate change becomes very important. Hence this question.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to list out the various ways in which we have tried to address climate change and improve our environmental management practices. Thereafter, we are required to bring out the pros and cons of the way in which we deal with environmental governance. Post the critical analysis, we need to present our own view on the assertion made in the question and suggest alternatives.

Directive word

Critically examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any . When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, all you need to do is look at the good and bad of something and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – The opening to your answer must paint a brief picture of the challenges related to climate change and sustainability that should give sleepless nights to our policy makers but is not.

Body

  • List the various steps taken for environmental governance – increase in coal cess, shift to renewables, BSV standards etc
  • Analyze the pros and cons of the above steps taken and examine whether they have really helped make the impact they were designed for
  • Highlight some of the critical steps that have not been taken and is urgently required such as the move to dilute forest right etc
  • Provide your view on how the performance of the government has been based on the arguments made above
  • List some of the alternatives which can help improve environmental governance

Conclusion – Stress on the immense burden on our environment and the need to gear ourselves for the upcoming challenges.

 


 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

6) Discuss the health and environmental hazards associated with fly-ash. Also discuss the issues which impede its full-scale utilization in India.(250 words)

epw

Why this question

India depends heavily on coal for power generation ( 3/4th of total electricity comes from coal) and the dependence is bound to increase in future. This creates the problem of fly-ash generation and its proper disposal, usage. The issue is related to GS 3 syllabus under the following heading-

Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

Key demand of the question.

The question has two key demands; one, what are the health and environmental hazards associated with fly-ash and second, what are the technical issues and regulatory issues which impede the proper utilization of the fly-ash.

Directive word

Discuss- we have to write in detail about the key demands  of the question. We have to discuss the health and environmental hazards of fly-ash and  technical, regulatory and other issues which impede its full scale utilization.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Mention the statistics about India’s coal usage, fly-ash generated, cement production etc. You don’t have to remember exact figures but rank,estimated changes etc.

Body-

  • Mention the environmental and health hazards of fly-ash.

E.g All the heavy metals found in fly ash—nickel, cadmium, arsenic, chromium, lead, etc—are toxic in nature. They leech into the surrounding soil and can enter food-chains, asthma and respiratory ailments due to direct exposure, destruction of mangroves, drastic reduction in crop yields, and the pollution of groundwater etc.

 

  1. Discuss the technical and regulatory and other issues involved.

e.g BIS standards allow low level of fly-ash blending in PPC, proper documentation on collection and disposal costs are usually not available, indexing the fly ash price to the price of cement ultimately works by eroding the competitive advantage of PPC etc.

Conclusion- mention that it is most desirable to limit fly ash production through greater deployment of renewable energy sources, using better coal and combustion techniques, etc, since cement-related industries alone will not be able to absorb all the fly ash generated in the future.

 


Topic: Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

7)Discuss the Objectives of  National Innovations in Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA), India’s flagship programme that aims to make Indian villages climate-proof. Also, discuss the issues affecting the programme that need to be resolved.(250 words)  

Reference

Reference

Why this question

NICRA is one of the several schemes aimed at increasing farmers income, improving productivity, sustainability, climate adaptation etc. The scheme will soon enter its second phase and was launched in 2011. The scheme has a fair potential as can be assessed from its success stories. However, it needs revision and improvement in order to attain its objectives. The question is related to GS 3 syllabus under the following heading-

Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to mention the objectives of NICRA and then discuss in detail about the issues affecting the performance of NICRA.

Directive word

Discuss- We have to write in detail about both the parts of the question- objectives of NICRA and issues affecting its performance. We have to suggest proper and necessary changes along with the logic behind why the change is required in NICRA.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- Give a brief description of NICRA along with year of implementation and its second phase of implementation.

Body-

  • Discuss in points the objectives of NICRA. You can simply copy them from NICRA’s website and modify them in an easier language, so that you can remember them.
  • Discuss the issues affecting NICRA.

E.g scenario of 2020 or later is not taken into account to select the districts, KVKs act as the fulcrum of the scheme and there is shortage of staffa and infrastructure in KVKs, farmers tend to become dependent on KVKs for inputs, knowledge, machinery etc, decreased budgetary allocation, lack of integration with similar schemes etc.

Conclusion– mention how NICRA is the need of the hour and how this programme could act as a pilot programme in India’s fight against climate change etc.. Also mention there is need for improvising it by addressing above discussed issues.


NOTE: 
We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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