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PRELIMS BOOSTER 2018: Hawksbill Turtle and United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA)

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Hawksbill Turtle and United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA)

Hawksbill Turtle

  1. critically endangered — IUCN
  2. Maturation is slow and is estimated between 25 – 40 years


  1. Habitat
  • Hawksbills nest on insular and mainland sandy beaches throughout the tropics and subtropics


  1. Range
  • species is migratory in nature and nesting occurs in about 70 countries across the world
  • In India they are found in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, the coast of Tamil Nadu and Orissa


  1. Threats
  • Turtle shell trade
  • egg collection
  • slaughter for meat
  • oil pollution
  • destruction of nesting and foraging habitats
  • Hybridisation of Hawksbills with Other Species
  • Entanglement and Ingestion of Marine Debris – including Fishing Gear.

United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA)

  1. part of the United Nations Secretariat that upholds the objective of development
  2. member of the United Nations Development Group
  3. Based at UN Headquarters in New York
  4. It is a vital interface between global policies in the economic, social and environmental spheres and national action
  5. Its work is guided by the universal and transformative 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, along with a set of 17 integrated Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 associated targets


  1. Responsibilities
  • agenda-setting and decision-making with the goal of meeting their economic, social and environmental challenges
  • supports international cooperation to promote sustainable development for all
  • providing a broad range of analytical products, policy advice, and technical assistance
  • follow-up to major United Nations Summits and Conferences
  • services to the United Nations Economic and Social Council and the Second and Third Committees of the United Nations General Assembly


  1. Reports
  • World Economic Situation and Prospects (along with UNCTAD and the five United Nations regional commissions)
  • Sustainable Development Goals Report 2017