Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
7) Critically analyze the process of removal of dams, as witnessed in several European countries, with special emphasis on India.(250 words)
Why this question
Dams exert a huge influence on the environment, especially the rivers on which they are built. Recently many dams were removed by several countries in Europe. The process has its own strengths and limitations. The issue is related to GS 3 syllabus under the following heading-
Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
Key demand of the question
The question wants us to write in detail about the pros and cons/ limitations of the dam removal. We then have to form an opinion on the issue vis a vis India.
Critically analyse- we have to dig deep into the question and identify the reasons/ logic behind, success of dam removal projects. We have to form a personal opinion on the above issue.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– Mention the names of a few dams that were removed recently in Europe like the Vezons dam.
- Discuss the purposes of dam removal. e.g protecting environment, preventing accidents, prevent maintenance of outdated plants, equipments etc.
- Discuss the limitations of dam removal. e.g only a few dams are being removed and far greater no.is being built, updating the plant and equipment will avoid dam removal, huge costs involved especially for large and viable projects, not a sustainable solution in energy thirsty world etc.
- Discuss the prospects of dam removal in India. e.g high costs involved, lack of availability of alternate sources of energy, no public pressure for dam removal etc.
Conclusion- form a concise, fair and a balanced conclusion based on the above discussion.