TOPIC: The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors
/contributions from different parts of the country.
1)Congress despite its early hesitation, played a crucial role in shaping the labour movements of the country. Critically analyze.(250 words)
Bipan Chandra – India’s struggle for independence Pg 196
Key demand of the question
Following points are to be outlined in the question
- What is the meaning of initial hesitation of Congress
- How Congress helped in forward movement of the labour movement
- The role that other political outfits played in labour movements in pre freedom era
- Your view on the assertion made in the question backed with sound arguments
Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. You need to conclude with a fair judgement, after analyzing the nature of each component part and interrelationship between them.
Structure of the answer
Introduce – Briefly outline the labour movements in india – the beginning of it, the modus operandi, their relationship with national struggle and the overall outcome
- Highlight the initial hesitation of INC – not get associated with any divisive issue of economic nature
- Highlight the later role that Congress played – AITUC, CSP, view of Nehru and his efforts to bring this perspective in mainstream etc
- Highlight the role that left and other political outfits played and the lack of support from Congress ( took action against strikes when in power in provinces)
- Based on the arguments made come to the conclusion – should be on the lines of that labour movement in India despite the favourable conditions could never really grow. Whatever it grew, Congress had a role to play in the ideological development of the movement. Implementation of ideology done mostly by local leaders.
Conclusion – Mention the overall achievement of the labour movement during national movement and how it carried the freedom struggle forward.