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PRELIMS BOOSTER 2018: Bharal (Himalayan blue sheep or naur or na or gnao) and International Criminal Court (ICC or ICCt)


Bharal (Himalayan blue sheep or naur or na or gnao) and International Criminal Court (ICC or ICCt)

Bharal  (Himalayan blue sheep or naur or na or gnao)

  1. Least concerned — IUCN
  2. caprid found in the high Himalayas
  3. bharal is a major food of the snow leopard


  1. Habitat
  • inhabit open grassy slopes in high mountains from 2,500-5,500 m asl. They are usually found near cliffs and similar escape cover, but generally avoid entering forested areas
  • range — India, Nepal, Bhutan, Tibet, and Pakistan


  1. Threats
  • hunting for food.
  • competition with livestock
  • habitat loss due to livestock threat is minor






International Criminal Court (ICC or ICCt)

  1. intergovernmental organization and international tribunal
  2. established by Rome statute.
  3. seat — The Hague, Netherlands
  4. Permanent jurisdiction to prosecute individuals for the
  • Genocide
  • crimes against humanity
  • war crimes


  1. Can only exercise its jurisdiction when certain conditions are met, such as when national courts are unwilling or unable to prosecute criminals or when the United Nations Security Council or individual states refer situations to the Court


  1. four principal organs:
  2. The President — most senior judge chosen by his or her peers in the Judicial Division
  3. Judicial Division — hears cases before the Court.
  4. Office of the Prosecutor – headed by the Prosecutor who investigates crimes and initiates proceedings before the Judicial Division
  5. Registry — headed by the Registrar and is charged with managing all the administrative functions of the ICC, including the headquarters, detention unit, and public defense office


  1. Recently phillipines has withdrawn from the court
  2. India has not signed the statute
  3. US, Russia – signed statute but didn’t ratify


Comparison between ICJ (covered yesterday) and ICC