SOLUTIONS – INSIGHTS REVISION TEST for Preliminary Exam 2018: Test – 51(History)

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SOLUTIONS 

INSIGHTS REVISION TEST for Preliminary Exam 2018: Test – 51(History)


 

  1. In 1720, the British government enacted the Calico Act. What is it related to?

a) Disallowing Indians from entering Civil Services

b) Compulsory use of English language in Company affairs

c) Banning the use of printed cotton textile, imported from India.

d) Barring of company officials from private trade

Solution: c

Justification:

By the early eighteenth century, worried by the popularity of Indian textiles, wool and silk makers in

England began protesting against the import of Indian cotton textiles. In 1720, the British government enacted a legislation banning the use of printed cotton textiles – chintz in England. Interestingly, this Act was known as the Calico Act.

At this time textile industries had just begun to develop in England. Unable to compete with Indian

Textiles, English producers wanted a secure market within the country by preventing the entry of Indian

Textiles. The first to grow under government protection was the calico printing industry. Indian designs were now imitated and printed in England on white muslin or plain unbleached Indian cloth.

 

Hence, Option c is correct.

 

Source: NCERT Our Pasts III Part II


  1. Consider the following statements.
    1. James Mil started a journal called Asiatick Researches.
    2. The journal was based on the principle of Orientalism
    3. Warren Hastings was an Orientalist

Which of the above statements is/are NOT correct?

a) Only 1 and 2

b) Only 1 and 3

c) None of them

d) Only 1

Solution: d

Justification:

William Jones discovered that his interests were shared by many British officials living in Calcutta at the time. Englishmen like Henry Thomas Colebrooke and Nathaniel Halhed were also busy discovering the ancient Indian heritage, mastering Indian languages and translating Sanskrit and Persian works into English. Together with them, Jones set up the Asiatic Society of Bengal, and started a journal called Asiatick Researches. (Hence statement 1 is incorrect  and statement 2 is correct)

Hastings took the initiative to set up the Calcutta Madrasa, and believed that the ancient customs of the country and Oriental learning ought to be the basis of British rule in India. (Hence statement 3 is correct).

 

Hence, Option d is correct.

Source: NCERT Our Pasts III Part II


  1. Which of the following is/are correct about Wood’s Despatch?
    1. It emphasized on the European learning.
    2. It argued that literature of the East was full of grave errors

Select the correct answer using the codes below.

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution: c

Justification:

In 1854, the Court of Directors of the East India Company in London sent an educational despatch to the Governor-General in India. Issued by Charles Wood, the President of the Board of Control of the Company, it has come to be known as Wood’s Despatch. Outlining the educational policy that was to be followed in India, it emphasised once again the practical benefits of asystem of European learning, as opposed to Oriental knowledge. (Hence statement 1 is correct).

 

One of the practical uses the Despatch pointed to was economic. European learning, it said, would enable Indians to recognise the advantages that flow from the expansion of trade and commerce, and make them see the importance of developing the resources of the country. Introducing them to European ways of life, would change their tastes and desires, and create a demand for British goods, for Indians would begin to appreciate and buy things that were produced in Europe.

 

Wood’s Despatch also argued that European learning would improve the moral character of Indians. It would make them truthful and honest, and thus supply the Company with civil servants who could be trusted and depended upon.

 

The literature of the East was not only full of grave errors, it could also not instill in people a sense of duty and a commitment to work, nor could it develop the skills required for administration.

Following the 1854 Despatch, several measures were introduced by the British. (Hence statement 2 is correct).

 

Education departments of the government were set up to extend control over all matters regarding education. Steps were taken to

establish a system of university education. In 1857, while the sepoys rose in revolt in Meerut and Delhi, universities were being established in Calcutta, Madras and Bombay. Attempts were also made to bring about changes within the system of school education.

 

Hence Option c is correct.

 

Source: NCERT Our Pasts III Part II


  1. Consider the following statements
    1. Christian Missionaries were against education based on practical use
    2. William Carey, a Scottish missionary played a key role in establishing the Serampore Mission
    3. Until 1833, the East India Company was opposed to missionary activities in India.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a) Only 2

b) Only 1 and 2

c) 1,2 and 3

d) None of them

Solution: b

Justification:

The argument for practical education was strongly criticized by the Christian missionaries in India in the nineteenth century. The missionaries felt that education should attempt to improve the moral character of the people, and morality could be improved only through Christian education. (Hence statement 1 is correct).

 

Until 1813, the East India Company was opposed to missionary activities in India. It feared that missionary activities would provoke reaction amongst the local population and make them suspicious of British presence in India.  (Hence statement 3 is incorrect).

 

Unable to establish an institution within British-controlled territories, the missionaries set up a mission at Serampore in an area under the control of the Danish East India Company. A printing press was set up in 1800 and a college established in 1818.Over the nineteenth century, missionary schools were set up all over India.

 

After 1857, however, the British government in India was reluctant to directly support missionary education. There was a feeling that any strong attack on local customs, practices, beliefs and religious ideas might enrage “native” opinion.

 

William Carey was a Scottish missionary who helped establish the Serampore Mission(Hence statement 2 is correct).

 

Hence, Option b is correct

 

Source: NCERT Our Pasts III Part II

 


  1. Which of the following is/are correct about Pathshalas under British India?
    1. These were institutions working on the principle of decentralized governance with minimum of rules
    2. Wood’s Despatch regularized the Pathashalas.

Select the correct answer sing codes below.

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution: c

Justification:

In the 1830s, William Adam, a Scottish missionary, toured the districts of Bengal and

Bihar. He had been asked by the Company to report on the progress of education in vernacular schools. The report Adam produced is interesting. Adam found that there were over 1 lakh pathshalas in Bengal and Bihar. These were small institutions with no more than 20 students each. But the total number of children being taught in these pathshalas was considerable– over 20 lakh. These institutions were set up by wealthy people, or the local community. At times they were started by a teacher (guru). (Hence statement 1 is correct).

The system of education was flexible. Few things that you associate with schools today were present in the pathshalas at the time. There were no fixed fee, no printed books, no separate school building, no benches or chairs, no blackboards, no system of separate classes, no rollcall registers, no annual examinations, and no regular time-table.

 

After 1854 the Company decided to improve the system of vernacular education. It felt that

this could be done by introducing order within the system, imposing routines, establishing rules, ensuring regular inspections. (Hence statement 2 is correct).

 

It appointed a number of government pandits, each in charge of looking after four to five schools. The task of the pandit was to visit the pathshalas and try and improve the standard of teaching.

Each guru was asked to submit periodic reports and take classes according to a regular timetable. Teaching was now to be based on textbooks and learning wasto be tested through a system of annual examination.

Students were asked to pay a regular fee, attend regular classes, sit on fixed seats, and obey the new rules

of discipline.

 

Hence,Option c is correct.

 

Source: NCERT Our Pasts III Part II


  1. Consider the following statements
    1. Tagore stressed on learning in natural environment.
    2. He was not critical of western civilization unlike Mahatma Gandhi

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution: c

Justification:

Tagore was of the view that creative learning could be encouraged only within a natural environment. So he chose to set up his school 100 kilometres away from Calcutta, in a rural setting. He saw it as an abode of peace (santiniketan), where living in harmony with nature, children could cultivate their natural creativity. (Hence statement 1 is correct).

 

In many senses Tagore and Mahatma Gandhi thought about education in similar ways. There were, however, differences too. Gandhiji was highly critical of Western civilisation and its worship of machines and technology. Tagore wanted to combine elements of modern Western civilisation with what he saw as the best within Indian tradition. He emphasized the need to teach science and technology at Santiniketan, along with art, music and dance. (Hence statement 2 is correct).

Hence, Option c is correct.

 

Source: NCERT Our Pasts III Part II


  1. Which of the following statements is/are correct?
    1. Jyotirao Phule wrote the book Gulamgiri.
    2. He dedicated his book to all those Americans who had fought to free slaves during American Civil War
    3. He was concerned about the plight of upper caste women as well

Select the correct answer sing codes below.

a) Only 1 and 2

b) Only 1 and 3

c) Only 1

d) 1,2 and 3

Solution: d

Justification:

In 1873, Phule wrote a book named Gulamgiri, meaning slavery.  (Hence statement 1 is correct).Some ten years before this, the American Civil War had been fought, leading to the end of slavery in America. Phule dedicated his book to all those Americans who had fought to free slaves, thus establishing a link between the conditions of the “lower” castes in India and the black slaves in America. (Hence statement 2 is correct). Hence he was against exploitation of every kind irrespective of boundaries.

He even was against the plight of upper Caste women. (Hence statement 3 is correct).

 

Hence, option (d) is correct

Source: NCERT Our Pasts III Part II


  1. Veda Samaj was established in 1864. Which of the following statements is/are correct about it?
    1. It was established in Madras
    2. It was inspired by Brahmo Samaj
    3. It differed from Brahmo Samaj in that it propagated polytheism.

Select the correct answer using the codes below.

a) Only 1

b) Only 1 and 2

c) 1,2 and 3

d) Only 2

Solution: b

Justification:

The Veda Samaj

Established in Madras (Chennai) in 1864, the Veda Samaj was inspired by the Brahmo Samaj. (Hence statement 1 and statement 2 are correct).

 

It worked to abolish caste distinctions and promote widow remarriage and women’s education.

 

Its members believed in one God. They condemned the superstitions and rituals of orthodox Hinduism. (Hence statement 3 is incorrect).

 

Hence Option b is correct

 

Source: Our Pasts Part III Part II

 


 

  1. Which of the following was/were the change/s effected in Indian Paintings with the coming European artists?
    1. Inculcation of the idea of Realism
    2. Introduction of the technique of water colours.

Select the correct answer using the codes below.

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution: a

Justification:

From the eighteenth century a stream of European artists came to India along with the British traders and rulers. The artists brought with them new styles and new conventions of painting. They began producing pictures which became widely popular in Europe and helped shape Western perceptions of India.

 

European artists brought with them the idea of realism. This was a belief that artists had to observe carefully and depict faithfully what the eye saw. What the artist produced was expected to look real and lifelike.  (Hence statement 1 is correct).

 

European artists also brought with them the technique of oil painting – a technique with which Indian artists were not very familiar. Oil painting enabled artists to produce images that looked real. (Hence statement 2 is incorrect).

 

Hence option a is correct.

Source: Our Pasts Part III Part II

 


  1. Which of the following is NOT correct about Kalighat paintings?

a) It was developed by Patuas and potters.

b) Initially they worked on mythological themes.

c) Under British rule, they started depicting social life

d) They used palm leaf as the canvas.

 

Solution: d

 

Justification:

In Bengal, around the pilgrimage centre of the temple of Kalighat, local village scroll painters (called patuas) and potters (called kumors in eastern India and kumhars in north India) began developing a new style of art.

They moved from the surrounding villages into Calcutta in the early nineteenth century.

Before the nineteenth century, the village patuas and kumors had worked on mythological themes and produced images of gods.

After the 1840s, we see a new trend within the Kalighat artists. Living in a society where values, tastes, social norms and customs were undergoing rapid changes, Kalighat artists responded to the world around, and produced paintings on social and political themes. Many of the late-nineteenth-century Kalighat paintings depict social life under British rule. Often the artists mocked at the changes they saw around, ridiculing the new tastes of those who spoke in English and adopted Western habits, dressed like sahibs, smoked cigarettes, or sat on chairs.

 

Many of these Kalighat pictures were printed in large numbers and sold in the market. Initially, the images were engraved in wooden blocks. The carved block was inked, pressed against paper, and then the woodcut prints that were produced were coloured by hand.

 

Hence, option d is correct.

 

Source: Our Pasts Part III Part II

 


  1. Which of the following statements is/are correct?
    1. The technique and themes of paintings of Raja Ravi Verma were completely Western based.
    2. Abanindranath Tagore used water colours in his paintings
    3. Abanindranath Tagore was influenced by the art of Japanese artists

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

a) 1,2 and 3

b) Only 2 and 3

c) Only 3

d) Only 1 and 3

Solution: b

Justification:

Raja Ravi Varma was one of the first artists who tried to create a style that was both modern and national. Ravi Varma belonged to the family of the Maharajas of Travancore in Kerala, and was addressed as Raja. He mastered the Western art of oil painting and realistic life study, but painted themes from Indian mythology. (Hence statement 1 is incorrect). He dramatised on canvas, scene after scene from the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, drawing on the theatrical performances of mythological stories that he witnessed during his tour of the Bombay Presidency.

 

 

In Bengal, a new group of nationalist artists gathered around Abanindranath Tagore (1871-1951), the nephew of Rabindranath Tagore. They rejected the art of Ravi Varma as imitative and westernised, and declared that such a style was unsuitable for depicting the nation’s ancient myths and legends. They felt that a genuine Indian style of painting had to draw inspiration from non-Western art traditions, and try to capture the spiritual essence of the East. So they broke away from the convention of oil painting and the realistic style, used water colours and turned for inspiration to medieval Indian traditions of miniature painting and the ancient art of mural painting in the Ajanta caves. They were also influenced by the art of Japanese artists who visited India at that time to develop an Asian art movement.

(Hence statement 2 and statement 3 are correct).

 

Hence, option b is correct.


  1. Which of the following is NOT correct about Moderates?

a) They solely represented the interests of the elite

b) They wanted to develop public awareness about unjust nature of British Rule

c) They passed many resolutions demanding humane treatment of Indian labourer aboard

d) They believed in the benevolence of British Administration.

Solution: a

Justification:

The early Congress also raised a number of economic issues. It declared that British rule had led to poverty and famines: increase in the land revenue had impoverished peasants and zamindars, and exports of grains to Europe had created food shortages. The Congress demanded reduction of revenue, cut in military expenditure, and more funds for irrigation. It passed many resolutions on the salt tax, treatment of Indian labourers abroad, and the sufferings of forest dwellers – caused by an interfering forest administration. All this shows that despite being a body of the educated elite, the Congress did not talk only on behalf of professional groups, zamindars or industrialists.

The Moderate leaders wanted to develop public awareness about the unjust nature of British rule. They published newspapers, wrote articles, and showed how British rule was leading to the economic ruin of the country. They criticized British rule in their speeches and sent representatives to different parts of the country to mobilize public opinion. They felt that the British had respect for the ideals of freedom and justice, and so they would accept the just demands of Indians. What was necessary, therefore, was to express these demands, and make the government aware of the feelings of Indians.

 

Hence, Option a is correct.

 

Source: Our Pasts Part III Part II


  1. Consider the following statements about Natal Indian Congress
    1. It was presided by Mahatma Gandhi.
    2. It later became part of African National Congress.

Which of the above statements is/are NOT correct?

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution: a

Justification:

It was presided by Dada Abdullah and it was formed during Gandhi’s stint at South Africa. Hence statement 1 is incorrect.

It later became part of African National Congress.

Hence, option a  is correct. Hence statement 2 is correct.


 

  1. Which of the following is /are correct about Rowlatt Satyagraha?
    1. Indian National Congress under Gandhi provided organizational infrastructure for it
    2. It turned out to be the first all India struggle.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution: b

Justification:

In 1919 Gandhiji gave a call for a satyagraha against the Rowlatt Act that the British had just passed. The Act curbed fundamental rights such as the freedom of expression and strengthened police powers. Mahatma Gandhi, Mohammad Ali Jinnah and others felt that the government had no right to restrict people’s basic freedoms. They criticised the Act as “devilish” and tyrannical. Gandhiji asked the Indian people to observe 6 April 1919 as a day of non-violent opposition to this Act, as a day of “humiliation and prayer” and hartal (strike). Satyagraha Sabhas were set up to launch the movement.

 

The Rowlatt Satyagraha turned out to be the first all-India struggle against the British government although it was largely restricted to cities.  (Hence statement 2 is correct).

 

In April 1919 there were a number of demonstrations and hartals in the country and the government used brutal measures to suppress them. The Jallianwala Bagh atrocities, inflicted by General Dyer in Amritsar on Baisakhi day (13 April), were a part of this repression. On learning about the massacre, Rabindranath Tagore expressed the pain and anger of the country by renouncing his knighthood.

 

Hence, Option b is correct.

 

Source: Our Pasts Part III Part II

 


  1. Which of the following statements is/are correct about Badshah Khan?
    1. He founded the Khudai Khidmatgars
    2. He was a strong supporter of non-violence.
    3. He favored the partition of India.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

a) Only 1 and 3

b) Only 1

c) 1,2 and 3

d) Only 1 and 2

Solution: d

Justification:

Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, the Pashtun leader from the North West Frontier Province, with his colleagues at a peace march through Bihar, March 1947 Also known as Badshah Khan, he was the founder of the Khudai Khidmatgars, a powerful non-violent movement among the Pathans of his province.   (Hence statement 1 and statement 2 are correct).

 

Badshah Khan was strongly opposed to the Partition of India. He criticised his Congress colleagues for agreeing to the 1947 division. (Hence statement 3 is incorrect).

 

Hence, option d is correct.

 

Source: NCERT Our Pasts III Part II


  1. Which of the following is NOT correct about Vedic Society?

a) Family was Patriarchy based

b) There are no evidences of child marriage

c) The economy was largely settled agriculture

d) They believed in naturalistic polytheism

Solution: c

Justification:

The Rig Vedic society was patriarchal. The basic unit of society was family or graham. The head of the family was known as grahapathi. Monogamy was generally practiced while polygamy was prevalent among the royal and noble families. The wife took care of the household and participated in all the major ceremonies.

Women were given equal opportunities as men for their spiritual and intellectual development. There were women poets like Apala, Viswavara, Ghosa and Lopamudra during the Rig Vedic period.Women could even attend the popular assemblies. There was no child marriage and the practice of sati was absent regions as the original home of the Aryans. They include the Arctic

The Rig Vedic Aryans were pastoral people and their main occupation was cattle rearing. Their wealth was estimated in terms of their cattle. When they permanently settled in North India they began to practice agriculture.

The Rig Vedic Aryans worshiped the natural forces like earth, fire, wind, rain and thunder (naturalistic polytheism). They personified these natural forces into many gods and worshipped them. The important Rig Vedic gods were Prithvi (Earth), Agni (Fire), Vayu (Wind), Varuna (Rain) and Indra (Thunder). Indra was the most popular among them during the early Vedic period. Next in importance to Indra was Agni who was regarded as an intermediary between the gods and people.

 

Varuna was supposed to be the upholder of the natural order. There were also female gods like Aditi and Ushas. There were no temples and no idol worship during the early Vedic period. Prayers were offered to the gods in the expectation of rewards. Ghee, milk and grain were given as offerings. Elaborate rituals were followed during the worship.

 

Hence, option c is correct.

Source: Tamil Nadu Class 11 text book.


  1. Which of the following is/are correct about religion in Vedic period?
    1. There are evidences of female gods
    2. Female gods were given equal status with male gods
    3. There was idol worship prevalent during the period

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

a) Only 1 and 2

b) 1,2 and 3

c) 1,2 and 3

d) Only 1

Solution: d

Justification:

The Rig Vedic Aryans worshiped the natural forces like earth, fire, wind, rain and thunder (naturalistic polytheism). They personified these natural forces into many gods and worshipped them. The important Rig Vedic gods were Prithvi (Earth), Agni (Fire), Vayu (Wind), Varuna (Rain) and Indra (Thunder). Indra was the most popular among them during the early Vedic period. Next in importance to Indra was Agni who was regarded as an intermediary between the gods and people. Varuna was supposed to be the upholder of the natural order. Thus we can see hierarchy od gods.

 

There were also female gods like Aditi and Ushas. And they were placed at lower importance than  the male gods. (Hence statement 1 is correct and statement 2 is incorrect).

 

There were no temples and no idol worship during the early Vedic period. Prayers were offered to the gods in the expectation of rewards. Ghee, milk and grain were given as offerings. Elaborate rituals were followed during the worship. (Hence statement 3 is incorrect).

 

Hence, Option d is correct.

Source: Tamil Nadu Class 11 text book.

 


  1. ‘Right Knowledge’ in Jainism refers to

a) Understanding the importance of the Five Great Vows.

b) Strict belief in the doctrine of Ahimsa.

c) Acceptance of the theory that there is no God and that all objects possess a soul.

d) Rejection of the authorittty of Vedas and Vedic rituals

Solution: c

Justification:

Right faith is the belief in the teachings and wisdom of Mahavira. Right Knowledge is the acceptance of the theory that there is no God and that the world has been existing without a creator and that all objects possess a soul. Right conduct refers to the observance of the five great vows:

  • not to injure life
  • not to lie
  • not to steal
  • not to acquire property
  • not to lead immoral life.

 

Both the clergy and laymen had to strictly follow the doctrine of ahimsa. Mahavira regarded all objects, both animate and inanimate, have souls and various degrees of consciousness. They possess life and feel pain when they are injured. Mahavira rejected the authority of the Vedas and objected to the Vedic rituals.

 

Hence, Option c is correct.

 

Source: Tamilnadu Class XI


  1. Consider the following statements
    1. Ekarat was the title assumed by a Kharavela King.
    2. The Hathigumpha inscription refers to the conquest of Kalinga by the Nandas.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution: b

Justification:

The fame of Magadha scaled new heights under the Nanda dynasty. Their conquests went beyond the boundaries of the Gangetic basin and in North India they carved a well-knit and vast empire. Mahapadma Nanda was a powerful ruler of the Nanda dynasty. He uprooted the kshatriya dynasties in north India and assumed the title ekarat. The Puranas speak of the extensive conquests made by Mahapadma. The Hathigumpha inscription of Kharavela of Kalinga refers to the conquest of Kalinga by the Nandas. Many historians believe that a considerable portion of the Deccan was also under the control of the Nandas. Therefore,

Mahapadma Nanda may be regarded as a great empire builder.

Hence, Option b is correct.

Source: Tamilnadu Class XI

 


  1. Which of the following is /are correct about Asvagosha?
    1. He adorned the court of Kanishka
    2. He authored the work Buddha Charita.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution: c

Justification:

 

Kanishka embraced Buddhism in the early part of his reign. However, his coins exhibit the images of not only Buddha but also Greek and Hindu gods. It reflects the Kanishka’s toleration towards other religions. In the age of Kanishka the Mahayana Buddhism came into vogue. It is different in many respects from the religion taught by the Buddha and propagated by Asoka.

 

The Buddha came to be worshipped with flowers, garments, perfumes and lamps. Thus image worship and rituals developed in Mahayana Buddhism. Kanishka also sent missionaries to Central Asia and China for the propagation of the new faith. Buddhist chaityas and viharas were built in different places.

 

He patronised Buddhist scholars like Vasumitra, Asvagosha and Nagarjuna. (Hence statement 1 is correct)

 

He also convened the Fourth Buddhist Council to discuss matters relating to Buddhist theology and doctrine. It was held at the Kundalavana monastery near Srinagar in Kashmir under the presidentship of Vasumitra. About 500 monks attended the Council. The Council prepared an authoritative commentary on the Tripitakas and the Mahayana doctrine was given final shape.

 

 

Asvagosha was a great philosopher, poet and dramatist.  He was the author of Buddhacharita. (Hence statement 2 is correct).

 

Nagarjuna from south India adorned the court of Kanishka.

 

The famous physician of ancient India Charaka was also patronized by him.

 

Hence, option c is correct.

Source: Tamilnadu Class XI

 


 

 

  1. Two pipes A and B can fill a tank in 24 minutes and 32 minutes respectively. If both the pipes are opened simultaneously, after how much time B should be closed so that the tank is full in 21 minutes?

a) 3 minutes

b) 4 minutes

c) 6 minutes

d) 11 minutes

Solution: b

Justification:

Pipe A can fill 1/24 of the tank in 1 minute.

Pipe B can fill 1/32 of the tank in 1 minute.

Pipe B is closed after sometime but pipe A is opened for 21 minutes.

Fraction of the tank that is filled in 21 minutes by pipe A = 21/24 =7/8

Rest 1/8 of the tank is filled by pipe B.

Number of minutes for which the pipe B was open = (1/8) of 32 = 4 minutes.


  1. Two trains 137m and 163m in length are running towards each other on parallel lines, one at the rate of 42 km/h and another at 48 km/h. In what time will they cross each other completely?

a) 12 s

b) 3 min

c) 3 min

d) 30 s

Solution: a

Justification:

Relative speed of the trains = 42 + 48 = 90 km/h.

We have to convert 90 km/h into m/s i.e. 90 km/h = 90/3.6 = 25 m/s.

The time taken by trains to cross each other = Sum of lengths of trains/relative speed

= (137+163)/25

= 300/25

= 12s.

 


  1. A rectangular grassy plot of length 125m and breadth 80m has a gravel path 2.5m wide all round it inside the plot. Find the cost of gravelling the path at 75 paise per square metre.

a) 787.50

b) 750

c) 431.25

d) 393.75

Solution: b

Justification:

Length of the plot = 125m

Breadth of the plot = 80m

Area of the plot = 125 × 80 = 10000 sq.m.

Length of the plot after gravelling = 125 – 5 = 120 m

Breadth of the plot after gravelling = 80 – 5 = 75 m

Area of the plot after gravelling = 120 × 75 = 9000 sq.m.

Area of gravelling = 10000 – 9000 = 1000 sq.m.

Cost of gravelling = 1000 × 75ps = Rs.750

 


  1. How many words with or without meaning can be formed from the letters of word ‘INSIGHTS’ in such a way that the letters G and H are always together?

a) 840

b) 1680

c) 420

d) 1260

 

Solution: d

 

Justification:

 

Since, G and H are to be together, they become one unit and other 6 letters will become 6 individual units.

 

With total 7 units, 2 ‘I’s and 2 ‘S’s, we can have the number of words = 7!/2!2!

 

= (7×6×5×4×3×2×1)/(2×2)

 

= 1260 

 


  1. A book is listed at Rs.1500 and a discount of 20% is offered on the list price. What additional discount on the discounted price must be offered to the customer to bring the net price to Rs.1104?

a) 8%

b) 10%

c) 4%

d) 12%

Solution: a

Justification:

The selling price after discount = (100-20)% of Rs.1500 = 80% of Rs.1500 = Rs.1200.

The intended selling price = Rs.1104

Additional Discount on discounted price = (1200-1104)×100/1200 = 8%