PRELIMS BOOSTER 2018: The Himalayan Quail and United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO)
- May 12, 2018
- Posted by: InsightsIAS
- Category: PRELIMS BOOSTERS 2018
PRELIMS BOOSTER 2018:
The Himalayan Quail and United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO)
The Himalayan Quail
- Critically endangered – IUCN
- quail belonging to the pheasant family
- Presumed to be extinct since no reliable records of sightings of this species exist after 1876. Possible sighting of this species was reported in Nainital in 2003
- extremely elusive, never flying except when almost stepped on
- Tall grass and scrub on steep hillsides particularly south-facing slope crests, between 1,650 m and 2,400 m.
- known from only 2 locations in the western Himalayas in Uttarakhand, Western Himalayas
- Indiscriminate hunting during the colonial period
- habitat modification – due to land use changes
- open cast mining for limestone and related disturbance
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO)
- specialized agency of the United Nations (UN)
- a member of the United Nations Development Group
- headquarter : Paris
- successor of the League of Nations’ International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation.
- Aim : to contribute to the building of peace, the eradication of poverty, sustainable development and intercultural dialogue through education, the sciences, culture, communication and information
- 195 member states] and ten associate members.
- Recently United States has announced its withdrawal accusing the body of anti-Israel bias
- UNESCO pursues its objectives through five major programs:
- natural sciences
- social/human sciences
- governance structure
- Executive Board (EXB) —
- 58 members elected by the General Conference for four-year term
- examines work for UNESCO and the corresponding budget estimates.
- it is main organ responsible for all policies and programmes of UNESCO.
- General conference
- All members meet every 2 years
- Vote on policies, programs, budget
- Elect executive board, DG every 4 year
- UNESCO’s Creative Cities Network — 2004
- to foster international cooperation with and between cities committed to investing in creativity as a driver for sustainable urban development, social inclusion and cultural vibrancy. It includes cities within its seven creative fields (Crafts and Folk Art, Design, Film, Gastronomy, Literature, Media Arts and Music).
- India — Varanasi (added as City of Music), Jaipur (City of Crafts and Folk Art) and Chennai
- World Heritage Cities Programme
- to assist state parties in the challenges of protecting and managing their urban heritage sites.
- India — Allahabad
- Llist of World Heritage in danger — drawing world’s attention to the prevailig situation