Print Friendly, PDF & Email

PRELIMS BOOSTER 2018: Jerdon’s Courser and United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)

PRELIMS BOOSTER 2018: Jerdon’s Courser and United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)

Jerdon’s Courser

  1. Critically endangered –IUCN
  2. nocturnal bird
  3. flagship species for the extremely
  4. threatened scrub jungle
  5. found only in the Eastern Ghats of the state of Andhra Pradesh in peninsular
  6. The species was considered to be extinct until it was rediscovered in 1986 and the area of rediscovery was subsequently declared as the Sri Lankamaleswara Wildlife Sanctuary


  1. Habitat

inhabits sparse, thorny and non-thorny scrub-forest and bushes, interspersed with patches of bare ground, in gently undulating, rocky foothills


  1. Distribution
  • Jerdon’s Courser is endemic to Andhra Pradesh.
  • Evidence of presence neighboring areas of the state of Maharashtra and southern Madhya Pradesh


  1. Threats
  • Clearing of scrub jungle — creation of new pastures, growing of dry land crops, plantations of exotic trees, quarrying and the construction of the Telugu-Ganga Canal
  • Illegal trapping of birds


  • conservation
  • The local Yanaadi community have been employed to try to locate it.
  • Sri Lankamaleswara Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Sri Penusula Narasimha Wildlife Sanctuary 

United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)

  1. United Nations (UN) program
  2. member of the United Nations Development Group
  3. Established — 1946
  4. Headquarter — New York City
  5. Aim — provides humanitarian and developmental assistance to children and mothers in developing countries


  1. History
  • 1946 — United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund
  • created by the United Nations General Assembly to provide emergency food and healthcare to children in countries that had been devastated by World War II.
  • 1953– became a permanent part of the United Nations System


  1. Funding — contributions from governments and private donors.
  2. awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1965
  3. works in 190 countries and territories
  4. governed by an Executive Board — 36 members that are elected to terms of three years by UNESCO. (regional representation)


  • activities
  • report — The State of the World’s Children 2017: Children in a Digital World
  • Super Dads’ initiative — part of UNICEF’s #EarlyMomentsMatter campaign. It aims to increase understanding of how a child’s environments and experiences in early childhood can shape their future health, well being, ability to learn etc


  1. UNICEF & India
  • working in India since 1949
  • largest UN organization in the country
  • IAP HealthPhone initiative — tackle the challenge of malnutrition in mothers and children across India