7)What do you understand by Highest Priority Critically Important Antimicrobials (HPCIAs). Also, discuss role of livestock rearing in antibiotic resistance among humans.(250 words)

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TOPIC : Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

7)What do you understand by Highest Priority Critically Important Antimicrobials (HPCIAs). Also, discuss role of livestock rearing in antibiotic resistance among humans.(250 words)

Reference

Reference

Why this question

Antibiotic resistance is a serious issue and more so for India, given its poor health infrastructure, a large population of unprivileged and vulnerable people and widespread misuse of antibiotics in animal rearing. The question is related to GS-3 syllabus under the following heading-

Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to give a proper and complete-in-meaning description of HPCIAs. Then it wants us to discuss how animal rearing is associated with antibiotic resistance among humans.

Directive word

What- we have to provide a description of the term.

Discuss- we have to look into the details and identify the prevalence of and reasons behind antibiotic abuse in livestock rearing.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- give a proper, concise and complete-in-meaning description of HPCIAs along with some examples of class of drugs.

Body–  divide the body into three parts.

  • discuss the prevalence of use and major uses of antibiotics in livestock rearing. e.g for treating diseases, as growth stimulators, environmental sources etc.
  • discuss why there is misuse of antibiotics- e.g lack of knowledge about proper usage, over the counter sale of antibiotics,  necessary for extracting decent profit from large intensive poultry and pig farms, etc.
  • briefly discuss the effects of antibiotic resistance in humans.

Conclusion– briefly mention alternatives to antibiotics usage in livestock rearing- e.g better health and hygiene, scientific management, incentivization of organic products, harnessing traditional knowledge on livestock medicine etc.