1) A close analysis of art and culture of medieval India points to the cultural syncretism, which has been a distinguishing feature of Indian society and polity. Examine.(250 words)

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TOPIC: salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.


1) A close analysis of art and culture of medieval India points to the cultural syncretism, which has been a distinguishing feature of Indian society and polity. Examine.(250 words)

Indian Express

Why this question

The recognition of the importance of upholding the core value of Indian state ie unity in diversity is a core concern today. An analysis of the art and culture of medieval India will go well to show that the society and polity of India has always been inclusive and should continue to be so.

Key demand of the question

Following points are to be highlighted in your answer

  1. What do you mean by cultural syncretism in society and polity
  2. How does literature, religion, art and architecture , music of the time imbibe the ideal of syncretism to present an organic whole

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any . You are required to discuss the main points discussed above.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight the need of revising the lesson of unity in diversity in the present situation where caste, religion and gender based violence are being highlighted more.

Body

  • Mention the one core value of India which had remained constant through time – unity in diversity as a result of cultural syncretism
  • Highlight the presence of this value in medieval India – give examples from social situation to the effort made by Mughal rulers to introduce secular laws
  • Examine the art and culture of the era to support this argument
    • Literature – system of administration in Ain I Akbar
    • Literature of bhakti and Sufi saints
    • Religion – bhakti and Sufi movements
    • Architecture – Indo Islamic style
    • Painting – intermingling of provincial and royal school
    • Etc

Conclusion – Highlight the need of continuing with this tradition of cultural syncretism for it leads to enrichment of our culture like it happened in medieval times.