Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment, Disaster and disaster management.
5)India must realise that its problems are larger than the WHO estimates, and take the call to action seriously. Examine in the light of the recent WHO report on air pollution. (250 words)
Why this question
the problem of air pollution is not new to Indian cities. However, this is a very serious public-health problem that needs to be addressed at the earnest, especially given that the situation is not better even in rural areas. The question is related to GS-3 syllabus under the following heading-
Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment,
Disaster and disaster management.
Key demand of the question
The question simply wants us to give reasons in support of the statement that, Indian air pollution problem is worse than the recent WHO estimates and why there is a dire need to take call to action.
Examine- we have to put forward justifications in the form of facts/ examples/ arguments in support of the given statement. we have to bring out the urgency of the problem that warrants immediate action.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– briefly mention some key facts from the recent WHO report on air pollution.
Body– Divide the body into two main parts.
Part A- discuss why the problem of air pollution is more severe in India than apparent state. Justify your stand. e.g very low number of air quality monitoring infrastructure, disparity in their distribution- (rural vs urban, urban vs metros), burning of agricultural residues in rural areas, use of pesticides,mining and other such areas not covered under monitoring etc.
Part B- discuss the urgency of the problem.
e.g its health effects on vulnerable people, economic effects of prevention and treatment, very bad situation already etc.
Conclusion– present a concise, fair and balanced opinion on the above issue and mention the importance and need of programmes like PM Ujwala Yojana