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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 02 MAY 2018

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 02 MAY 2018

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)

REVISION TIMETABLE FOR PRELIMS – 2018 

Revision Tests


General Studies – 1


TOPIC: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the
present- significant events, personalities, issues.

1) Gandhi’s decision to withdraw from Civil Disobedience Movement and participate in second round table conference was controversial. Examine the controversies that arose as a result of Delhi Pact?(250 words)

From Plassey to Partition : page 320

Key demand of the question

The question asks us to examine the controversies that emerged out of Gandhi Irwin Pact. We have to mention the controversies, examine the causes of the controversies and assess whether the controversies made sense

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any . In the case of above question, you have to discuss the issues as discussed above.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Discuss the contents of the Delhi pact and mention the controversies that it caused such as

  • Decision to withdraw was taken under bourgeoisie pressures
  • Several leaders like Nehru, Bose etc were dissatisfied with the decision to withdraw the movement

 

Body

  • Examine the controversies one by one. First of all, examine the claim that the decision to withdraw was taken under bourgeoisie pressures.
    • Mention the reason why this controversy arose
    • Examine whether the capitalist class presented a unified front and whether Congress was actually concerned with their worries
  • Examine the controversy that Congress’s withdrawal signalled defeat
    • Mention that similar things had happened post chauri chairs
    • Mention that people’s capacity for protest is limited
    • Mention the use of superior force by British
    • Etc
  • Highlight the actual impact and significance of Delhi pact and the reasons behind aggreing to participate in RTC

 

Conclusion – mention your point of view on Delhi pact by summarising your answer.


Topic: The Freedom Struggle- its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

2) Bhagat Singh espoused a nationalism without any divisions and this makes him acceptable across religions, nationalities and cultures. Comment.(250 words)

The Hindu

The Culturalindia

Why this question

this question is related to GS-1 syllabus under the following heading-  The Freedom Struggle- its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

Key demand of the question.

the question wants us to ponder over the life of the legendary freedom fighter Bhagat Singh and discuss his achievements, thoughts to extract the nature of his nationalism. we have to justify our standing on whether Bhagat Singh espoused a nationalism without any divisions and that makes him acceptable across religions, nationalities and cultures.

Directive word

Comment- we have to ponder over the issue and form an opinion on the given statement about Bhagat Singh. we have to justify our opinion by related facts/ reasons/ arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- briefly mention Bhagat Singh, his background and his martyrdom at a young age.

Body-

  1. Describe Bhagat Singh’s political ideology and organizations he was attached with- Naujawan Bharat Sabha, Hindustan Republican Association, Kirti Kisan Party, Kranti Dal.
  2. discuss Bhagat Singh’s sayings/ thoughts which depict his views on nationalism and form a opinion based on those evidences. e.g his dream of a non sectarian, egalitarian world, his religious thoughts and views on atheism,

Conclusion- form a fair, concise and balanced opinion on the given statement based on the above discussion.


Topic – History of the world – redrawal of national boundaries ; India and its bilateral relations.

3)  The tensions and disputes between Pakistan and India are fundamentally different to the issues between the Koreas, which make an India Pakistan thaw unlikely. Critically analyze.(250 words)

Indian express

Why this question

There are few supposedly intractable conflicts in the world – India Pakistan and Korean peninsula figure prominently in that list. The possibility of a thaw in Korean peninsula provides an opportunity to draw parallels between the two conflicts and examine whether an India Pakistan thaw is probable.

Key demand of the question

The question makes two assertions both of which have to be critically analysed. They are

  • That there are dissimilarities between the India Pakistan conflict and the Korean conflict. We have to examine whether it is indeed so
  • Because of the dissimilarities, an India Pakistan thaw is unlikely – we have to examine whether we can take learnings from the Korean thaw to normalise India Pakistan relationship.

Our opinion on the two assertions is to be provided.

Directive word

Critically analyze – When asked to critically analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. You need to conclude with  a fair judgement, after analyzing the nature of each component part and interrelationship between them.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – discuss the current development in Korean peninsula and how that has proved that there are no permanent friends or enemies in international relations, what matters is national interest.

Introduction

  • Critically analyze the first assertion. Bring both sides of the picture in focus – mention the similarities and dissimilarities in the two conflicts. Provide your opinion on whether the situation is similar or not.
  • Critically analyze the second statement. Discuss whether India Pakistan relations can be improved by a leap of faith taken by our leaders or the issues are much deep rooted. Analyze the issue from various perspectives like
    • Historical – mistrust due to past experiences etc
    • Geopolitical – role of great powers in the conflict
    • Strategic – terrorism, nuclear weapons etc
    • Economic – trade
    • Cultural – P2P relations etc
    • Role of leadership
    • Ideological etc

 

Conclusion – provide a balanced judgment and what lessons can we draw from the thaw.

 

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic – Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

4)Critically analyze the process of selection of the supreme court judges in India.  Suggest measures to prevent the executive’s unnecessary intervention into the judiciary. (250 words)

The Hindu

The Quint

The Hindu

why this question

The recent controversy around selection of a SC judge whose name has been recommended by the collegium but opposed by the govt, revolves around fundamental queries regarding the distribution of powers between the executive and legislative.  The question is related to GS-2 syllabus under the following heading- Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

key demand of the question.

we have to describe the provisions dealing with the appointment of SC judges and discuss those provisions critically. We also have to suggest measures to rectify the arrangement.

Directive word

critically analyze- we have to identify and briefly discuss the key provisions dealing with the appointment of SC judges in India and form an opinion on them, particularly on their shortcomings. then we have to simply enlist measures required to prevent the executive’s unnecessary intervention into the judiciary.

Structure of the answer

introduction- briefly describe article 124 of the constitution and mention NJAC .

Body-  

  1. enlist the eligibility and procedure of selection of SC judges in detail.
  2. describe the first, second and third judges cases
  3. discuss the shortcomings in the process. e.g lack of time-limit for the govt. to approve the collegium’s recommendations.
  4. suggest necessary amendments required in the legal provisions. e.g prescription of time limit and also bringing transparency and logic in the process of selection of judges etc.

 


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

5)Apni Dharohar Apni Pehchan Project will ensure better upkeep of monuments and boost tourism. Analyze.(250 words)

Financial express

Economic times

 

Why this question

Dalmia group adopting Red Fort has led to a debate over the move. Many people see the transfer of responsibility of management of nationally important monuments to private parties as a bad move, while others understand the benefit that it will provide. It is important to discuss the pros and cons of the policy of the government that enabled this move.

Key demand of the question

The focus of the question is on determining whether apni dharohar scheme through which private parties will adopt monuments will enable better facilities being developed there, better maintenance and management etc. The question also asks us to determine how will it help in boosting tourism.

Directive word


Analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. Here we have to explain the scheme, examine the debates that it raises, assess the impact that the scheme will have, mention the precautions that need to be taken and finally a way forward.

 

Structure of the answer

Introduction – explain apni dharohar scheme.

 

Body

  • Mention the status quo. Why is such a scheme necessary.
  • Examine whether involvement of private companies in handling national monuments will help in better upkeep and management, or whether the furore generated is justified. Highlight the provisions of the scheme such as the project is a non-revenue-generating one and no financial bids were involved. It envisages limited access to non-core areas and monuments won’t be handed over
  • Highlight the precautions that need to be taken – involvement of ASI in maintenance etc
  • Discuss the positive impact that it might have on tourism and the indirect benefits from the scheme – more revenue, more employment etc

 

Conclusion – Summarise your arguments and provide a way forward.

 

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life

6)Explain how blockchain differs from any normal online database? Discuss its application in the telecom sector. (250 words)

Financial Express

Why this question

Blockchain has recently been called disruptive technology by our PM. It finds application in several areas of which we must be aware.

Key demand of the question

The first part asks us to explain the differentiating factors between blockchain and any normal online database. Here we will have to mention additional advantages provided by blockchain which makes it a disruptive technology. In the second part, we need to discuss the application of blockchain in telecom sector.

Directive word

Explain – We have to make the examiner understand the differences between a normal online database and blockchain

Discuss – we have to mention how blockchain can be utilised in telecom sector and the impact that it will have.

 

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain blockchain

Body

  • Discuss the differences
  • Discuss its application in telecom sector – use ideas from the article

 

Conclusion – mention that blockchain has been called disruptive technology by the PM and has huge potential to transform economy.


General Studies – 4


TOPIC Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance.

7)A dilemma is something wider and more demanding than a problem, however difficult or complex the latter may be. Comment.(250 words)

Reference

 

Why this question

Ethics, particularly the practical aspect of it, more or less revolves around dilemmas of various sorts. However the concept is often confused with “problem”, which has a very different meaning altogether. This is one of the basic concepts in ethics and is related to GS-4 syllabus under the following heading- Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to explain and bring out the difference between a problem and a dilemma and explain how dilemma is more wider and demanding than a problem.

Directive word

comment- we have to take the stand on the given statement and then present justifications in favour of that answer.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- define a problem

Body-

  1. define a dilemma
  2. discuss its meaning in relation to a problem-  e.g caught on the horns of a dilemma, opposed and perhaps equally unwelcome alternatives, sacrifice of one alternative in favour of another etc.
  3. Discuss how to solve a dilemma- i.e  the terms of reference should be altered and the whole situation is reformulated and redefined so that full account is taken and due respect paid to the warring value options, which are then ordered and linked among themselves in a more systematic and coherent manner.

 

Conclusion- present your conclusion of the above discussion in relation to the demand of the question.

 


 


NOTE: 
We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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