[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 01 MAY 2018

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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 01 MAY 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)

REVISION TIMETABLE FOR PRELIMS – 2018 

Revision Tests

 

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic – Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

1)Critically examine the implications of providing energy-dense, factory-made nutrient packets as take-home ration under Anganwadi Services Scheme. (250 words)

The Hindu

The Hindu

 

why this question

Child nutrition is one of the key development parameter as well as an asset, which translates into human resource. Recently, the idea of providing readymade food under  Anganwadi Services Scheme was forwarded by the minister of Women and Child Development. The idea was however opposed by the top officials from the same ministry. The question is related to GS-2 syllabus under the following heading-

Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

 

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to bring forth the implications, both positive as well as negative arising out of providing energy-dense, factory-made nutrient packets as take-home ration under Anganwadi Services Scheme (ASS).

 

Directive word

Critically examine- we have to get into the details and find out what will be the result of providing readymade food under ASS. After bringing out all the pros and cons of such a measure, we have to form and present our opinion on the issue.

 

Structure of the answer

Introduction-  write about the National Food Security Act, 2013,Schedule II  and the

Supplementary Nutrition (Integrated Child Development Services Scheme) Rules, 2017. Mention that they aim to raise nutritional standards of the food provided. Earlier there were no legal provisions.

Body- divide the body into two main parts.

Discuss in points, the benefits of providing energy dense readymade food under ASS. e.g uniformity of standards, easy monitoring, economy of scale, flexible and able to cater to specific needs etc.

Discuss in points, the cons. E.g risk of commercialization of a critical social responsibility, more prone to corruption, nutritious but not healthy way of eating, undermines the role of other factors which impact our health etc.

Conclusion– give your unbiased, objective and fair opinion on the ultimate acceptability of readymade food under ASS; and then suggest briefly in 1-2 lines, the way forward.

 


TOPICImportant aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- application, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

2)What do you understand by social audit? Discuss the impediments to institutionalizing social audits in India.  Also, highlight the recent steps being taken by the legislative and the judiciary in this direction.(250 words)

The Hindu

The Hindu

Wikipedia

 

why this question

Social audit has a special origin and huge impact on the governance of a society. Social audit can dramatically improve quality of service delivery and decision making. It increases accountability like none other. It has been promoted by institutions ranging from CAG to Supreme Court of India. The issue is related to GS-2 syllabus under the following heading-

Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- application, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to describe social audit and discuss its implementation in India and identify the major problems arising in its implementation. Then it wants us to highlight the legislative and judicial initiatives taken in this regard.

Directive word

Discuss- we have to write in detail about the meaning and history of social audit and then all the impediments to implementing social auditing in India- identify the challenges involved.

Highlight- we have to briefly describe the recent legislative and judicial measures undertaken in this direction.                                                

Structure of the answer

Introduction- define social audit and discuss its origin and link with India. Try to mention names of places associated with the origin.

Body-

discuss in points, about all the impediments faced in institutionalizing social audits in India. E.g opposition by political parties, government officials, and other vested interests, lack of required skills and knowledge among the people, need for a legal mandate, problems like delays in getting justice delivered etc.

Discuss in points about the recent steps taken by the government in this direction. E.g mention SC directions and CAGs role in development social audit standards- for the first time in world history etc.)

Conclusion- form a concise and fair evaluation of scope of social auditing in India and provide some suggestions for institutionalizing the same.

 


TOPIC:  Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure ; Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3)The latest recommendations by the European Commission that balances free speech and accountability on online medium should serve as a model for India to reform how it regulates online communication. Analyze.(250 words)

The Hindu

Why this question

There are several problems that have dropped up due to deeper penetration of digital technology such as fake news, privacy, online crimes etc. Presently the government is reacting rather than dealing with these issues in a holistic manner. Thus policy reforms and legal reforms required need to be discussed. The EX report provides a good model which can be utilised in other answers as well.

Key demand of the question

Following are the issues that need to be discussed in the question:

  • Issues faced on account of problems in regulating online communication
  • The present regulatory structure in India
  • The reforms suggested by EC
  • The reforms which are applicable to India and how will it help in solving the unique problems that India faces

Directive word

Analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – discuss the various high profile cases in India and abroad like Cambridge analytica which has necessitated brainstorming over regulations.

Body

  • Mention the issues faced currently such as cyber bullying, defamation, incitement to violence etc (now repealed section 66A), Section 69A of IT Act, poor understanding of the technology etc
  • Detail out the present regulatory structure – mention the salient features of IT Act , mention how we try to deal with emergency situations by shutting down internet etc
  • List down the reforms suggested by EC which you feel are relevant for India and discuss how it will help improve status quo

 

Conclusion – Summarise your answer and suggest a way forward – like the reforms required in IT Act and how we need to come out with a policy document etc

 


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4)Putting restrictions on the use of Aadhar will defeat the very purpose it is designed for. Examine in light of the various cases being heard in SC regarding the use of Aadhar.(250 words)

Financial express

Why this question

Aadhar has a huge role to play in targetted delivery of government subsidies. However, it has also led to various debates including those of privacy and exclusion errors which is being heard in the courts. It is important for us to keep track of the court judgements and orders regarding the use of Aadhar.

Key demand of the question

The question demands us to examine whether making Aadhar compulsory for targetting of service delivery makes sense. The article also highlights that putting restrictions on the use of Aadhar will hamper targetted delivery of subsidies. We have to examine the veracity of this claim by highlighting the various debates surrounding the issue in light of SC judgments.

Directive word


Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any . In this question the topic is making Aadhar compulsory for targetted delivery of government services.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight the role that government expects Aadhar to play and mention that the usage of Aadhar has come under the courts scanner due to concerns raised by Civil society organisations.

Body

  • Mention about Aadhar Act to highlight government’s point of view. Mention the areas where Aadhar has been made mandatory
  • Discuss the pros and cons of the above step. Divide your answer into broad heads like constitutionality, privacy, effectiveness etc to examine the hypothesis.
  • While explaining the above point, quote liberally from various cases regarding Aadhar which are pending in the court or has been decided by the court.

 

Conclusion – Summarise the arguments presented and give a way forward.

 


 

General Studies – 3


 

TopicIndian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

5)Multiple rate structure of GST makes the tax structure more flexible and not complex. Discuss citing global experiences. (250 words)

Financial Express

Why this question

Implementation of gst has thrown up several challenges which has enabled us to refine GST laws. One of the striking feature of the new tax law is the multiple rate structure which was included for the purpose of equity. The experience of multiple rate structure needs to be examined in light of global best practices to understand whether it makes the tax structure flexible or complex.

Key demand of the question

The focus of the question is on analysing the pros and cons of multiple rate structure and whether it simplifies or makes the gst structure more complex. There have been several issues that have cropped up due to this provision such as classification of sanitary napkins etc which has caused controversy. In this light, multiple slab provision has to be examined. The question also asks us to analyze the experience of other countries and institutions to understand what the global best practice is.

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of multiple rate structure in gst concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

 

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain the multiple rate structure of GST.

Body

  • Highlight India’s economic performance since implementation of gst. That will lead to examining the provisions of GST such as multiple rate structure.
  • Highlight the impact and benefits that has accrued out of this provision – equity, protecting revenue etc. The benefits should be seen in the context of whether they bring greater flexibility. Here quote from the reports of international institutions.
  • Highlight the issues with such a regime. Analyze whether they bring in more complexity.
  • Bring out the global experience with multiple rate structure to show that India is acting as a pioneer when it comes to implementing GST

 

Conclusion – Highlight that still a long way to go in adjusting to this massive reform in the indirect tax regime. Also provide a conclusion to highlight whether it

 


General Studies – 4


TOPIC : Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in
human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.

6)Ethics for ancient Greeks referred not only to the theoretical discussion about the topic but essentially the actual practice of it. Comment.(250 words)

Reference

Reference

Key demand of the question

The question wants to know our opinion on,” whether ancient Greeks not only discussed ethics but also incorporated them into their daily life “. we have to justify our opinion.

Directive word

Comment-we have to take a stand and form a personal opinion on the given statement. We have to justify our answer with arguments/ examples/ facts.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– mention the core philosophy of ancient greeks- Aretē, which means an excellence of strength or ability, and is ultimately bound up with the notion of the fulfillment of purpose or function: the act of living up to one’s full potential.

Body– discuss in points, how Greek philosophers were practically ethical in their life.

E.g Socrates drank poison but did not give up what he felt was the truth, Aristotle’s analyses of the good life in the Nicomachean Ethics and the Eudemian Ethics, in which he  focuses on the central topic of good and bad character traits that is virtues and vices, the Greek cynics who live practically the life of a beggar, Socratian frugality, condemnation of sophists, medical ethics- Hippocratic oath etc.

 

Conclusion- present a fair, concise and unbiased conclusion on the given statement and briefly mention the resemblances with ancient Indian philosophy.

 


 


NOTE: 
We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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