[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 30 April 2018

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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 30 April 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)

REVISION TIMETABLE FOR PRELIMS – 2018 

Revision Tests

 


General Studies – 1


Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India. Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Effects of globalization on Indian society Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

1)Reconciliation between the Mizo and the Bru communities is necessary for successful repatriation and for a long-term solution. Critically analyze.(250 words).

Epw

Why this question

Conflict between Mizos and Brus has resulted in mass displacement of people belonging to  both the communities. It is one of the most protracted and intractable issue plaguing the concerned Northeast states. The question is related to GS-1 syllabus under the following heading- Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India. Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Effects of globalization on Indian society Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to analyse the reasons and nature of the Mizo-Bru conflict and then give our opinion on the above issue.

Directive word

Critically analyze-  we have to probe deeper into the question and identify and discuss  the key issues involved. Then we have to form a opinion on the main issue of, repatriation and long term solution.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- introduce your answer being giving a brief description of the Mizo and Bru groups, where they are living etc.

Body- divide the body into two parts.

  1. Discuss the main players ( fronts) and reasons for the present discord.
  2. Discuss difficulties faced in resolution of the issue.

Conclusion- give your opinion on, “Reconciliation between the Mizo and the Bru communities is necessary for successful repatriation and for a long-term solution”.


Topic: The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors
/contributions from different parts of the country.

 

2)Examine the changes brought about by Civil Disobedience Movement?(250 words)

 

Key demand of the question

CDM was the 2nd mass movement and led to several important developments in the Indian freedom struggle. The question demands us to list the impact that CDM had on the progress of the national movement. We also have to mention the areas where changes were sought to be brought but couldn’t. The overall impact of the CDM needs to be mentioned as well.

 

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any.

 

Structure of the answer

Introduction – mention in brief about CDM – the objectives with which Mahatma Gandhi have a clarion call for CDM

 

Body

  • Discuss in brief the eleven demands of Gandhi and whether those demands were fulfilled.
  • Discuss the other direct and indirect impacts of the movement
    • Peaceful and persistent opposition
      – the local revolts have to be mentioned such as khudai khidmatgars etc. The impact of those revolts have to be mentioned
    • Round Table Conferences – the failure of 1st and the impact of others
    • Gandhi Irwin pact
    • Worldwide support etc

 

Conclusion – mention the overall impact of the movement that Gandhi Irwin pact made the people realise that their leaders are at par with the Britishers.

 


General Studies – 2


 

TOPIC: India and its neighborhood- relations.

3)From Doklam to Wuhan, India – China relationship has come a long way. Discuss the developments in this period.(250 Words)

Reference

Reference

 

Why this question

Modi Xi Summit at Wuhan is a historic moment in the course of bilateral relationship of India and China. Off late, there have been several needling issues between the two which could have led to bittering the relationships. There are still several concerns which haven’t been addressed and the summit provides an apt time to discuss the developments and their implications.

 

Key demand of the question

The question is asking us to discuss the developments in the period between Doklam to Wuhan. While Doklam represented a low point in the relationship, Wuhan is an attempt to mend broken bridges. We have to mention the key developments in this period, their causes and implications which have had a substantial impact on the relationship.

 

Directive word

Discuss – We have to go into the detail of the issues involved, analysing their cause and implications, their pros and cons. Here we have to bring out the key issues in the bilateral relationship, their cause and whether we have indeed come a long way in addressing those issues.

 

Structure of the answer

Introduction – discuss the overall status of India China bilateral relationship.

 

Body

  • Discuss what Doklam and Wuhan signify for India China relationship – from almost breakdown of trust to an effort at building trust. Also highlight the importance of India China relationship for the world in general.
  • Discuss the main issues. Most of them are the generic issues which always crop up between India and China such as trade imbalance, border issues, CPEC and BRI etc
  • Discuss the developments in these issues in this time, whether we have managed to iron out the issues or whether the problem had aggravated.
  • Discuss whether Wuhan summit indeed reflects a reset in Indo China relationship based on the outcome of the discussion.

 

Conclusion – Comment on the overall state of bilateral affairs between the two country with a way forward.


 

TOPIC : Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to
Education

 

 4)Centre has unleashed a series of reformist steps to unburden and unshackle the higher education sector. To ensure they are effective, UGC needs to reform it’s working. Examine. (250 words)

Financial express

Why this question

This article combines two issues – steps taken by government to improve status of higher education as well as role of regulatory agencies in the field of higher education. Both very important for mains.

 

Key demand of the question

Following are the issues that need to be highlighted in the answer

  • Step taken by govt to improve higher eduxation.
  • What are the steps designed to achieve. How will they unshackle higher education
  • Examine the current role of UGC
  • Reforms required in the functioning of UGC to achieve the aim that government is trying to achieve

 

Directive word

Examine –  When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any.

 

Structure of the answer

Introduction – mention the status quo in higher education to establish that the sector indeed needs reforms

 

Body

  • Discuss the aims of the reforms initiated by the government
  • Discuss the steps taken by the govt such as HEFA, ranking of universities, trying to create world class universities, greater autonomy to universities through bills like IIM Bill etc
  • Examine the issues faced by UGC that hinder the growth of higher education in India. Such as no respect for autonomy, trying to micromanage affairs etc
  • Mention the reforms which will help. Take suggestions from previous committees like Hari Gautam committee, Sam Pitroda Committee etc. Also take inputs from the article.

 

Conclusion – mention the need of bringing in reforms quickly to ensure that higher education improves which will help in strengthening the economy and provide other benefits.


General Studies – 3


TOPIC Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies

 

5)Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana is a good scheme with flawed execution. Critically analyse.(250 words)

Reference

Indian Express

Why this question

PMFBY is a premier government scheme to address one of the critical challenges faced by our farmers – that of crop insurance. Hence, it is important to track the progress of the scheme.

 

Key demand of the question

The question makes the assertion that the design of the scheme is good but the execution is flawed. We have to critically examine both these claims.

 

Directive word

Critically analyze – we have to assess two things

  • Whether the design of the scheme is good
  • Whether execution of the scheme is good
  • Overall opinion on the status of the scheme

 

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention in brier about the problem that PMFBY is trying to solve.

 

Body

  • Discuss the design of the scheme
  • Analyze the good and the bad parts of the scheme
  • Discuss the implementation of the scheme. Analyze the pros and cons
  • Provide your opinion on what’s hampering the progress of scheme – design or implementation. You can also take a stand that the scheme is doing well, provided you are able to justify it.

 

Conclusion – mention the way forward and bringing in reforms soon to address the problem.

 


 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment, Disaster and disaster management

6)Climate change will aggravate pre-existing socio-economic vulnerabilities and risks. Critically examine, in the context of India.(250 words).

EPW

why this question

Climate change, poverty and women related issues all are important as far as UPSC exam is concerned. All of them are interlinked and demand immediate attention. The question is related to GS-3 syllabus under the following heading- Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment, Disaster and disaster management and also to GS-2 syllabus- Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.  Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

key demand of the question.

The question wants us to discuss how climate change will impact the existing socioeconomic vulnerabilities.  We have to bring out the relationship between climate change and socioeconomically vulnerable sections of people like the poor and the women in India.

 

Directive word

Critically examine- we have to  put forth explanations for why climate change will widen the socioeconomic vulnerabilities especially in the Indian context. We also have to form a personal opinion on the issue

structure of the answer

Introduction- briefly mention the precarious socioeconomic vulnerabilities- poverty, women’s status, caste system etc.

Body-

  1. Discuss the geographical features and other factors like development needs which make India highly susceptible to climate change effects.
  2. Discuss the links between climate change susceptibility of socioeconomically vulnerable  sections of India and how they will be impacted more.

Conclusion- put forth suggestions like gender and environmentally sensitive policy making, mobilisation of public support, provisioning of basic services and infrastructure; and the enhancement of basic capabilities, including appropriate knowledge and technology etc.


TOPIC: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact
assessment.

7) What do you understand by Small-scale sewage treatment plants. Discuss their advantages and disadvantages.(250 words).

Reference

Reference

 

why this question

A study has recommended that small-scale sewage treatment plants (SSTPs) should be recognized as a viable alternative in India to treat and safely dispose domestic sewage.The study recommends that the Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs should develop technical specifications for small-scale sanitation so that funds can be channeled from the national level down to urban local bodies for it. The question is related to gs

key demand of the question.

The question simply wants is to give a description of small-scale sewage treatment plant (SSTP) and discuss its advantages and disadvantages.

Structure of the answer

Introduction-  introduce your answer by giving a brief description of SSTP.

Body-

Divide the body into three main parts.

In one part, discuss the advantages of SSTPS. For example low cost, low space requirements, low maintenance etc.

In the other part, discuss the disadvantages of SSTPs. E.g high pathogen quality, need of skilled labour etc.

Conclusion- briefly discuss its suitability in India and how it can be popularized here (if so is warranted, as per your opinion).

 


NOTE: 
We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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