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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 28 April 2018

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 28 April 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)

REVISION TIMETABLE FOR PRELIMS – 2018 

Revision Tests

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic: The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors
/contributions from different parts of the country.

 

1) Nehru report cemented the gulf between Congress and Muslim League. Evaluate.(250 words)

 

Why this question

Nehru report is an important document in the history of India. It tried to accommodate the concerns of Muslim League as well as Congress.the question is related to G1 syllabus under the following heading- The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

Key demand of the question

The question makes a hypothesis that Nehru Report inadvertently cemented the seeds of partition. Thus the provision of the Nehru report which widened the gulf between Congress and Muslim League needs to be discussed. The causes of such provisions and the impact of these provisions need to be analysed in detail.

Directive word

Discuss – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – The backdrop to bringing out the Nehru report needs to be mentioned. You also need to mention that it was the first attempt by all political factions to prepare a constitution for self government.

Body

  • The key provisions of the report over which tussle happened between Congress and Muslim league needs to be brought out.
  • We have to examine the causes behind conflict and whether controversy over Nehru report was a manifestation of earlier dissonance, or dissonance was created by the report
  • The implications of the provisions also needs to be brought out such as Jinnah deciding to join Shafi faction of ML

 

Conclusion – your own opinion needs to be provided whether or not it was Nehru report that cemented the seeds of partition .

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic – Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of them

2) The proposed national policy for domestic workers fails to achieve the purpose it is designed for. Critically examine.(250 words)

Financial  express

 

Why this question

Domestic workers belong to the unorganised sector, for whom there hardly exists any social security, security of tenure and other good practices enjoyed by employees in the formal sector. Hence a policy was much required for their benefit. Thus, this becomes an important topic for mains.

Key demand of the question

The basic demand of the question is to analyze whether the proposed policy will alleviate the issues faced by domestic workers. Your own opinion, based in sound arguments is to be provided.

Directive word

Critically examine – When you are asked to critically examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any. Your opinion in the end is also required.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – mention the need for such a policy and that a policy for domestic workers is much needed

Body

  • Provide details on the status quo of domestic workers which should establish that indeed a policy is required.
  • Thereafter discuss what the policy tried to achieve and whether it is in line with what is required by domestic workers
  • Now, move to the points of the policy and examine the pros and cons of the policy and whether it helps mitigate the risk and enhances opportunities for domestic workers. Talk about issues such as social security benefits, employment security, overtime, holidays etc

 

Conclusion – provide a fair judgment at the end.

 

 


TOPICIndia and its neighborhood- relations. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

 3) Individual piecemeal efforts of global and regional powers would not help in bringing peace in Afghanistan and only multilateral cooperation will help in defeating terrorism in the country. Examine.(250 words)

The Hindu

Why this question

Afghanistan is reeling from the notorious spring offensive- a phenomena in which terrorist attacks in the country spike up during the spring season. Although numerous efforts have been made by the world and regional powers, Afghanistan is again in the danger of being subjugated by the Taliban, which has been active and in control of large swathes of the country. The Afghanistan problem is very important for the regional as well as global powers, given the potential of its spillover effects, loss of democracy etc. The question is related to GS-2 syllabus under the following heading- India and its neighborhood- relations. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to find out why individual efforts by world and regional powers, even while being in similar direction have not been successful in solving the Afghanistan problem.

Directive word

Examine-  we have to probe deeper into the given issue, discuss the past and present situation and give explanation for the issue highlighted by the question i.e. why individual efforts by world and regional powers have not been successful in solving the Afghanistan problem.

 

Structure of the answer

Introduction- discuss the present situation in Afghanistan and mention about the spring offensive and rejection of peace talks by the Taliban.

Body- Divide the answer into parts and discuss;

  1. US- Russia rivalry and impact on Afghanistan.
  2. China’s role in the region
  3. Pakistan’s involvement in the region
  4. India’s contribution and involvement in Afghanistan.
  5. Growing Taliban and IS activity in Afghanistan.

Conclusion– present your conclusion in the form of suggestions on how to solve the given problem.


 

TOPIC India and its neighborhood- relations. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

 

4) India and China have more to lose than to gain, out of the posture of hostility that the two countries have assumed against each other. Critically analyse.(250 words)

The Hindu

Why this question

India and China both are the aspiring world powers and destined to play a critical role in the coming Asian age. However, mutual differences and contentions have led to hostility and soaring of relations between the two nations. In recent years the hostility has been quiet extensive and explicit. This has created a negative atmosphere and led to unnecessary rivalry and reduction of scope of cooperation between the two nations. Recently, both the countries have implicitly accepted the futility of such hostility. The question is related to GS-2 syllabus- India and its neighborhood- relations. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements

involving India and/or affecting India’s interests Effect of policies and politics of developed and

developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to discuss what is the scope of India-China cooperation and what are all the associated issues which hinder this cooperation.

Directive word

Critically analyse- we have  to form a personal opinion on the issue. However the opinion is to be substantiated with facts/ arguments. Also we have to identify all the related and important issues which hinder such cooperation.

 

Structure of the answer

Introduction- briefly describe the coming Asian age and highlight the importance of India- China cooperation for both the countries for Asia and for the world in general.

Body- Divide the body into two main parts.

In one part, discuss the impediments in India-China cooperation. E.g boundary disputes, trade imbalance, China’s reluctance in admitting India among Nuclear Suppliers Group, strategic disposition of China’s OBOR initiative, CPEC, support to Pakistan and Pakistan based terrorists.

In the other part, discuss how the rivalry between the two nations has negative consequences/ implications. E.g amplification of security problem for both the countries, giving Pakistan the space to maneuver India-China relationship, lack of hydrological cooperation between India and China, reduced bargaining leverage of India vis a vis US and Japan because of economic dependance and interaction between US, Japan and China etc.

Conclusion– bring out a balanced opinion over the given issue and present it as conclusion. Also add some suggestions/ way-forward.

 


General Studies – 3


TOPIC : Transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers

 

5)Glitch free working of e-NAM platform is crucial to achieve the dream of doubling farmers’s income by 2022. Examine(250 words)

Financial Express

Why this question

Off late, upsc has been focussing on questions related to agriculture. e-NAM is an important tool to improve the status of farmers in india by freeing them from the constricting grip of APMCs. Hence this topic becomes important.

Key demand of the question

The first part says glitch free working. We have to examine what is meant by glitch free working which includes the problems being faced as well those being anticipated, the reasons why those problems are being faced. In the second part, the question expects us to answer how e-NAM woulf help farmers achieve doubling of income.

Directive word

Examine – We have to do an in-depth analysis of the issue by discussing the topic under heads as mentioned above.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Describe e-NAM and its objectives

Body

  • First describe the importance of e-NAM for farmers and how it is helpful in ensuring better prices for the farmers by freeing them from the clutches of commission agents etc.
  • Thereafter, move to the issues faced by e-NAM.
  • Also mention the anticipated problems of e-NAM
  • Mention the suggestions of the committee which will help improve the performance of e-NAM

Conclusion

Highlight the importance of doubling farmers income and mention that smooth functioning of e-NAM should be a priority for the government.

 

 


General Studies – 4


Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

 

6) Morality is the basis of things and truth is the substance of all morality. Comment.(250 words)

Reference

Spectacle

Why this question

In ethics paper UPSC usually asks questions in which the candidate has to comment on a specific quote. The question is related to GS-4 syllabus under the following heading- Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to explain the meaning of the above quote ,as interpreted by us. We have to answer both the parts of the question viz. how is morality the basis of things and how truth is the substance of all morality.

Directive word

Comment- we have to present our personal opinion and interpretation, of the given quote.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– introduce your answer by briefly defining morality.

Body- divide the body into two main parts.

In one part, discuss why/ how morality is the basis of things. E.g man is a social animal and without morality no cooperation would be possible rendering humans as wild and uncivilized as any other animal etc. Give examples from everyday life to support your answer.

In the other part, discuss how truth is the basis of morality. E.g not being true in any sense/ any situation is a sign of weak morals of a person, no morality can be based on lies (briefly discuss why), etc. Give examples to support your answer; eg. A person who lies to help someone is not moral and so on.

Conclusion– present a balanced, fair and concise conclusion based on the above discussion.

 

 


NOTE: 
We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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