Are you Ready for Insta 75 Days Revision Plan (UPSC Prelims - 2020)?
TOPIC : India and its neighborhood- relations. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
4) India and China have more to lose than to gain, out of the posture of hostility that the two countries have assumed against each other. Critically analyse.(250 words)
Why this question
India and China both are the aspiring world powers and destined to play a critical role in the coming Asian age. However, mutual differences and contentions have led to hostility and soaring of relations between the two nations. In recent years the hostility has been quiet extensive and explicit. This has created a negative atmosphere and led to unnecessary rivalry and reduction of scope of cooperation between the two nations. Recently, both the countries have implicitly accepted the futility of such hostility. The question is related to GS-2 syllabus- India and its neighborhood- relations. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements
involving India and/or affecting India’s interests Effect of policies and politics of developed and
developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
Key demand of the question
The question wants us to discuss what is the scope of India-China cooperation and what are all the associated issues which hinder this cooperation.
Critically analyse- we have to form a personal opinion on the issue. However the opinion is to be substantiated with facts/ arguments. Also we have to identify all the related and important issues which hinder such cooperation.
Structure of the answer
Introduction- briefly describe the coming Asian age and highlight the importance of India- China cooperation for both the countries for Asia and for the world in general.
Body- Divide the body into two main parts.
In one part, discuss the impediments in India-China cooperation. E.g boundary disputes, trade imbalance, China’s reluctance in admitting India among Nuclear Suppliers Group, strategic disposition of China’s OBOR initiative, CPEC, support to Pakistan and Pakistan based terrorists.
In the other part, discuss how the rivalry between the two nations has negative consequences/ implications. E.g amplification of security problem for both the countries, giving Pakistan the space to maneuver India-China relationship, lack of hydrological cooperation between India and China, reduced bargaining leverage of India vis a vis US and Japan because of economic dependance and interaction between US, Japan and China etc.
Conclusion– bring out a balanced opinion over the given issue and present it as conclusion. Also add some suggestions/ way-forward.