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 3) Individual piecemeal efforts of global and regional powers would not help in bringing peace in Afghanistan and only multilateral cooperation will help in defeating terrorism in the country. Examine.(250 words)

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TOPICIndia and its neighborhood- relations. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

 3) Individual piecemeal efforts of global and regional powers would not help in bringing peace in Afghanistan and only multilateral cooperation will help in defeating terrorism in the country. Examine.(250 words)

The Hindu

Why this question

Afghanistan is reeling from the notorious spring offensive- a phenomena in which terrorist attacks in the country spike up during the spring season. Although numerous efforts have been made by the world and regional powers, Afghanistan is again in the danger of being subjugated by the Taliban, which has been active and in control of large swathes of the country. The Afghanistan problem is very important for the regional as well as global powers, given the potential of its spillover effects, loss of democracy etc. The question is related to GS-2 syllabus under the following heading- India and its neighborhood- relations. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to find out why individual efforts by world and regional powers, even while being in similar direction have not been successful in solving the Afghanistan problem.

Directive word

Examine-  we have to probe deeper into the given issue, discuss the past and present situation and give explanation for the issue highlighted by the question i.e. why individual efforts by world and regional powers have not been successful in solving the Afghanistan problem.

 

Structure of the answer

Introduction- discuss the present situation in Afghanistan and mention about the spring offensive and rejection of peace talks by the Taliban.

Body- Divide the answer into parts and discuss;

  1. US- Russia rivalry and impact on Afghanistan.
  2. China’s role in the region
  3. Pakistan’s involvement in the region
  4. India’s contribution and involvement in Afghanistan.
  5. Growing Taliban and IS activity in Afghanistan.

Conclusion– present your conclusion in the form of suggestions on how to solve the given problem.