Topic – Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
2)Section 69A of IT Act requires reforms to protect freedom of expression. Discuss.(250 words)
Why this question
Off late internet regulations have been under much discussion due to issues generated by privacy, govt blocking USP etc. This brings the focus on IT Act and the refinement required in the act to ensure freedom of expression tempered by genuine needs of protecting sovereignty, unity etc
Key demand of the question
The focus of the question is on analysing the need, propriety, reforms required in IT Act. We have to explain how section 69A of IT Act is related to freedom of expression, the court judgements in this regard, and the reforms required.
Discuss – We have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. We have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – explain section 69A of IT Act
- Explain how the provision is related to freedom of expression
- Mention that India tops the list of countries putting up request for blocking URLs
- Debate should bring out both pros and cons of 69A. Shreya Singhal judgment has to be discussed
- Reforms have to be mentioned – best practices of various countries etc
Conclusion – mention the importance of securing freedom of expression over the internet in information age and the need to bring detailed guidelines and amendments in law to ensure protection of this fundamental human right.