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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 26 April 2018

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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 26 April 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)

REVISION TIMETABLE FOR PRELIMS – 2018 

Revision Tests

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic: The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors
/contributions from different parts of the country.

1) Compare and contrast the swarajists and the no changers?(250 words)

 

Key demand of the question

The question demands us to bring out the point of similarities and differences between the swarajists and the no changers in terms of their objective, methodology, results etc.

 

Directive word

Compare and contrast – bring out the similarities and differences.

 

Structure of the answer

Introduction – mention in brief about the swarajists and no changers.

 

Body

  • Cover the following issues (based on your own logic)
    • Founders
    • Objective
    • Method
    • Outcome
    • Any ideological position they took
    • Relationship with Britishers
    • View of Gandhiji
    • Achievements
  • Conclusion – how they reconciled and their overall contribution to the Gandhian struggle.


General Studies – 2


 

Topic -structure, organization’s and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary

2)Critically analyze the process of constitution of benches in the Supreme Court
of India.(250 words)

Indian express

The Hindu

 Why this question

Impeachment motion against CJI has been in news and the root cause behind the motion needs to be analysed in detail.

Key demand of the question

The question is asking us to examine whether the process of bench constitution is in tune with the principles enshrined in constitution, laws, PNJ etc. It asks us to formulate an opinion on whether the process merits reform based on the arguments provided.

Directive word

Critically analyze – bring out the various debates which have been brought to the forefront by the issue of roster of judges. Thereafter form your opinion based on your arguments

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention about the impeachment motion and correlate it to the issue at hand.

Body

  • Discuss the current process
  • Pros of the current process
    • Mention about past judgments
    • Authority of CJI as head of judiciary
    • Etc
  • Cons
    • Violation of right againt arbitrariness ingrained in right to equality
    • Various court judgements
    • Misuse of discretionary power
    • In this section also highlight how the current process caused an issue and will continue to do so
  • Conclusion – mention your stand while suggesting a way forward


TOPIC: Devolution of power and finances upto local levels and challenges therein

3)“No panchayati Raj is better than bad panchayati raj”. On the occasion of silver Jubilee year of panchayati Raj, discuss we have true democratic decentralization.(250 words)

Why this question

73rd and 74th constitutional amendment have often been asked in the exam. Moreover, the silver Jubilee year gives us an opportunity to reflect on the performance of LBs and suggest changes if required.

 

Key demand of the question

The question makes an assertion that it is better to have no panchayati Raj as compared to bad panchayati Raj because of the faith of people in democratic decentralization will weaken. Hence we have to assess the performance of the Act, shortcomingd and suggest way forward.

 

Directive word

Discuss – have to provide all the pictures of panchayati Raj – advantages, disadvantages, what more could be done, reports of various committees etc.

 

Structure of the answer

Introduction – mention in brief about the two constitutional amendments.

Body

  • Highlight the negatives of the act
    • Not real empowerment
    • Lack of devolution
    • Poor finances
    • Etc
  • Highlight positives
    • Empowerment
    • Women reservation etc
  • Mention how can we improve local governments – suggest reforms suggested by various committees etc

Conclusion – summarise your answer while highlighting the need for democratic decentralization in India

 


TOPIC:Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating
to Health, Education, Human Resources.

 

4) Taking cues from Rajasthan’s Bhamashah Swasthya Bima Yojana, on which the centre’s National Health Protection Scheme (NHPS), critically examine the nature of issues that will be faced by this scheme.(250 words)

Financial Express

Why this question.

The issue of health has been one of the most critical challenge faced by the recent. The issue of health coverage for the vulnerable section is sought to be improved through NHPS. Thus complete analysis of NHPS is important for the exam.

Key demand of the question

The question demands us to analyze the challenges and the shortcomings of NHPS taking cues from the experience of Rajasthan govt in implementing Bhamashah scheme. We also have to suggest the way forward based on the experiences of Bhamashah and other best practices

Directive word

Critically examine – have to analyze NHPS and Bhamashah from multiple perspectives and provide an opinion on the future of the scheme.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – discuss the health challenge faced by state and the need for a comprehensive health coverage scheme.

Body

  • Discuss details of both the schemes
  • Take cues from the learnings of Bhamashah and extrapolate it to NHPS
  • Also discuss experience of the state in implementing the scheme previous to this with similar objectives – RSBY
  • Discuss what can be done to better outcomes

 

Conclusion – mention your stand on the future of the scheme and suggest a way forward to mitigate the risks and shortcomings.


 

TOPIC : Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or
affecting India’s interests

 

5) There is an urgent need for cooperation in the field of regulation, amongst the medicine regulatory agencies of the BRICS countries. Analyse.(250 words)

Reference

Reference

 

Why this question

Inter-BRICS health cooperation is gaining momentum and represents a promising channel for improving health as illustrated by the yearly meetings of the respective ministers of health. Such cooperation provides the countries with a valuable platform to share their experiences and to work together to address key public health issues, including neglected tropical diseases. India has recently signed a MoU in this direction. The issue is related to GS- syllabus-

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to  discuss why BRICS countries must cooperate in the field of regulation

amongst the medical regulatory agencies, what are the benefits involved.

Directive word

Analyze- we have to breakup the question into individual key issues  involved here, and then write in detail about the each and bring about a holistic answer as per the demand of the question.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- introduce your answer by mentioning some key related facts for BRICS. E.g BRICS countries represent around 25% of the world’s gross national income, more than 40% of the world’s population and about 40% of the global burden of disease.

Body- divide the body into two parts.

In one part, discuss why there is a need for cooperation among regulating agencies of BRICS countries. e.g internationalization of education, migration of doctors, treatment of higher education as a trading commodity in WTO, high disease burden, greater role for the group in future.

IN the other part, discuss what has already been done ( e.g centre for Health Policy and promotion’s efforts, recent MoU etc.

Conclusion- briefly highlight the growing importance, prosperity and high disease burden of BRICS countries and bring out a concise yet holistic conclusion, based on the above analysis.

 

 


 

General Studies – 3


TOPIC : Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth,
development and employment.

 

6) India presents a unique set of opportunities and challenges for global investors and businesses. Discuss.(250 words)

Economic times

Why this question

Any country including India wants to improve and increase its business opportunities, so that it could earn more revenue and create more employment opportunities. This can be corroborated by the ease of business reforms undertaken by India and also other countries. India is a large market and the size will further grow in the wake of economic growth and population increase. However, despite the presence of so many business opportunities, it is very difficult to undertake a large scale business activity. The question is related to GS- syllabus under the following heading-

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to write in length about; why India, as a market offers so many opportunities to the business and then we have to discuss what are the challenges involved therein.

Directive word

Discuss- we have to dig deep into the issue and write in detail about the opportunities as well as challenges involved. Here we also have to provide suggestions to improve the present situation.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- introduce your answer by the recent initiatives introduced by the govt. to improve the ease of doing business in India.

Body- divide the body of the answer into 2 main parts.

In one part, discuss in points, why India is promising market for the businesses. E.g large population, growing economy, increasing per capita income, low access to many business products like telecom etc.

In the other part, discuss, what are the challenges involved. E.g low per capita income, regulatory issues, issue of raising capital etc.

Conclusion- briefly suggest ways to improve the business opportunities in India and how to remove the challenges involved therein. E.g clubbing of business activities to gain a larger share of customer’s budgetary expenses, introduction of new technologies etc.

 

 

 

 


NOTE: 
We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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