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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 24 April 2018

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 24 April 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)

REVISION TIMETABLE FOR PRELIMS – 2018 

Revision Tests

 


General Studies – 1


 

 

TopicSalient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India. Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Effects of globalization on Indian society Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

1)Despite huge voter turnout of females in India, their political participation remains appallingly low, and needs to be increased. Critically analyze.(250 words)

Indian Express

Economic times

Wikipedia

 

Why this question

India ranks 20th in terms of political participation of women. This is a very poor performance at our level of economic development and even as compared to our south Asian neighbors. The issue has been highlighted by various organizations and was recently  highlighted by the economic survey also. It is related to GS-1 syllabus- Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India. Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Effects of globalization on Indian society Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

 

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to find out and write about the reasons behind low political participation of women in India and why efforts to improve the situation have not been successful and what steps should be taken further.

 

Directive word

Analyze- we have to break the given question into key parts/ issues, which need to be answered. Then we have to write about those issues individually, but as per the demand of the question. Then we have to form a balanced and fair personal opinion over the given issue ( as a whole).

 

Structure of the answer

Introduction- Introduce your answer by defining political participation or you can mention India’s achievements in the field of political participation of females (e.g mention Indira Gandhi, Pratibha Patel etc) and then mention the parameters which indicate poor performance (e.g no. of women MPs and MLAs).

Body- divide the body of the answer into parts;

  1. Enlist and briefly describe the reasons for low female political participation. E.g financial barriers, social barriers, political barriers, acceptance by society, role models, sexual violence etc.
  2. briefly discuss in 2-3 lines why there is need for more political participation by Indian females. E.g research shows that women are more effective in delivering of social, educational services; diversity is vital for democracy, women related issues will be better highlighted and resolved etc.
  3. Enlist and describe briefly,  the measures needed to improve the situation.  E.g reservation in state legislatures and the Parliament, role of role models, forming women organizations  etc.

Conclusion- present a brief conclusion of the above discussion in 1-2 lines.


 

Topic: Topic – Population and associated issues

2)Reduced fertility and mortality rate leading to a rapid increase in working age population poses several challenges. Discuss while suggesting a way forward.(250 words)

 

Why this question

Reaping the demographic dividend remains one of the foremost objective of Indian state. The change in population structure will raise several issues particularly those related to employment, social security etc. Hence this issue needs to be discussed in detail.

 

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to answer the following points

  • What kind of an impact falling mortality and fertility rate will have on working age population
  • What are the direct and indirect challenges as a result of change in working age population
  • Measures to deal with the issue

 

Directive word

Discuss – Bring out the several challenges of the changing age profile of working population. Also mention if there are any advantages. Thereafter, provide a way forward

 

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight the importance of demographic dividend and the need to seize the same

 

Body

  • Highlight the impact of falling fertility and mortality rate on the age profile of working population
  • Bring out the change in age profile
  • Bring out other important changes having an effect on working age population
  • Highlight challenges
  • Elder people would increase in the workforce – bring out issues like skill acquisition and upgradation; technical know how etc
  • Like increased proportion of female in LFPR due to reduced burden of chidcare
  • Etc
  • Highlight advantages (potential or accrued)
  • Thereafter provide a way forward on how to deal with this issue before it becomes a problem of epic proportion

 

Conclusion – Highlight that it present India with a golden opportunity and India should seize the day

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic – Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

3)Increasing incidents of rape crime is not necessarily due to lacunae in law but due to poor implementation of law. Critically examine.(250 words)

Indian express

Economic times

 

Why this question

Recently a lot of cases of sexual crimes against children have come to the forefront. The decision of the government to bring out an ordinance to award death penalty for rape of children below 12 years has ignited a debate over the effectiveness of the step. In this backdrop, critical analysis of POCSO Act and its implementation becomes important.

 

Key demand of the question

The question demands us to examine POCSO Act and its implementation, highlight the shortcomings in both, the positives (if any) in both, and provide a balanced opinion on the reason why such crimes persist. Post that, it is also important to mention a way forward to overcome the lacunae highlighted in the answer.

 

Directive word

Critically examine – The focus here should be on going in detail – highlighting the positives and the shortcomings – of the act and its implementation to understand why such crimes persist. Based on the arguments provided, we need to provide our stand on the issue being discussed.

 

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Bring out the necessity of debating this issue in context of frequent sexual crimes against children. Also highlight that an ordinance has been passed which has ignited public debate.

 

Body

  • Mention details of law – POCSO Act being talked about in the question
  • Do a critical examination of POCSO Act highlighting its good points and the bad
  • Discuss about the issues in implementation
  • Provide your stand on whether the law needs to be reframed or implementation of law needs to be improved. You can also highlight the things that need to change in both for the situation to improve

 

Conclusion – Mention a way forward and the need for urgently tackling this crime.

 


TOPIC: India and its neighborhood- relations

4)Discuss the role  India can play in the commonwealth of nations and also, discuss why an egalitarian and an inclusive migration policy is vital for increasing the relevance of the organization.(250 words)

The Hindu

The Hindu

 

Why this question

Recently India participated, after a decade, with huge enthusiasm at home and abroad, attended the CHOGM summit wherein various issues were discussed. India has responded positively to the UK’s attempt to revitalize it, post Brexit scenario. However, commonwealth of nations, as an organization, has been an under-achiever with little relevance vis a vis other forums. And one of the most important issues undermining the efforts to improve the relevance of the organization is the issue of migration. The question is related to GS 2 syllabus- India and its neighborhood- relations. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreement involving India and/or affecting India’s interests Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to bring forward the role that India can play while being one of the largest economies of the commonwealth. We also have to discuss why migration remains the issue of contention among the members and how it hampers the effectiveness of the the commonwealth of nations.

 

Directive word

Discuss- we have to dig deep into the issue and write in detail about;

  1. What role can be played by India by being a member of Commonwealth- we have to write about what India’s interests will be served by better working of the commonwealth.
  2. How the current migration policy is not inclusive and egalitarian and how this affects the relevance and importance of commonwealth.

 

Structure of the answer

Introduction- write a few lines about the composition, history, working mechanism (consensus) of the commonwealth.

Body- divide the body into 2 parts.

In one part, discuss what role can be played by India by being a member of Commonwealth. e.g countering silk road and maritime belt, improving trade within members, gathering more clout and power to negotiate in other forums, technology transfer, labour migration etc.

In the other part discuss, how the current migration policy is not inclusive and egalitarian (e.g UK’s stance on immigrants and refugees) and how this affects the relevance and importance of commonwealth.

Conclusion- draw a concise, succinct conclusion based on the above discussion and briefly suggest the way forward.

 


 

General Studies – 3


 

TopicIndian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

5)Discuss how rating agencies impact the economy of any country. In this backdrop, analyze whether moving away from Western dominated rating agencies would be beneficial for India.(250 words)

The Hindu

 

Why this question

Time and again India expresses its displeasure at the refusal of rating agencies to improve India’s score. Also India and other developing countries have raised question mark over the neutrality of the rating of such agencies. Last year’s Economic Survey also highlighted this point. Thus the topic becomes important

 

Key demand of the question

The question demands us to answer the following

  • How rating agencies work and how they impact a country’s macroeconomy
  • The advantages (or not) of India using BRICS platform to create a rating agency

 

Directive word

Analyze – Here it’s a broader directive than examine. Analyze the idea of BRICS rating agency from several dimension such as economic, geopolitical etc. Thereafter summarize the arguments you made

 

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight that India has consistently made a demand.

 

Body

  • Describe the working of rating agencies and how they impact the macroeconomy of a country
  • Analyze the need for India to set up a BRICS credit rating agency
  • Economic
  • Raise capital at lesser rates
  • More investment etc
  • However debt will increase
  • etc
  • Geopolitical
  • Challenge the domination of west on international financial institutions
  • Whether India and china can work together
  • Etc

 

Conclusion – summarize your arguments and mention what precaution should India take before setting up such an agency.

 


General Studies – 4


Topic :  Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption. Case Studies on above issues.

6)Code of conduct rules reduce the domain of ethics to mere legalism. Critically comment.(250 words)

Reference

Reference

Reference

Why this question

Code of conduct remains an important tool for enforcing ethical behavior on part of the members/ employees of an organization/ government. However, the same has not been successful in meeting its purpose and violations of ethical behavior are common despite the code of conduct rules. The issue is related to GS-4 syllabus- Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption. Case Studies on above issues.

 

Key demand of the question

The question wants to know our viewpoint on the the statement,” whether the code of conduct rules restrict the ethics to mere legalism” and if yes then to what extent; and what purposes the code of conduct serves.

 

Directive word

Comment- we have to form a personal opinion on the issue and also  discuss, what is the importance of code of conduct rules in enforcing ethical behavior.

 

Structure of the answer

Introduction- define code of conduct rules and briefly discuss their prevalence and also mention All India service, Central civil service conduct rules.

Body- divide the body of the answer into two main parts;

  1. In one part, discuss the meaning of the phrase and then whether code of conduct rules reduce the ethics to mere legalism and how. (E.g low compliance, abuse of the provisions, low knowledge among employees and not much sincere efforts to provide the same on part of the organization/ government, conflict with personal values and global values, lax enforcement).
  2. In the other part, discuss the importance of the code of conduct rules. e.g they act as guiding light  for the organization’s vision and employee/ members’ behavior, provide a framework for passing judgements/ rewards/ punishments, helps address various workplace issues like gender relations, employee-management relationships, conflict of interest issues, financial practices, etc

Conclusion- draw out a balanced conclusion out of the above discussion and briefly suggest in 1-2 lines, how to increase compliance of code of conduct rules (e.g awareness and education, top down approach of instilling compliance etc.).


NOTE: 
We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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