Topic – Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
3)Increasing incidents of rape crime is not necessarily due to lacunae in law but due to poor implementation of law. Critically examine.(250 words)
Why this question
Recently a lot of cases of sexual crimes against children have come to the forefront. The decision of the government to bring out an ordinance to award death penalty for rape of children below 12 years has ignited a debate over the effectiveness of the step. In this backdrop, critical analysis of POCSO Act and its implementation becomes important.
Key demand of the question
The question demands us to examine POCSO Act and its implementation, highlight the shortcomings in both, the positives (if any) in both, and provide a balanced opinion on the reason why such crimes persist. Post that, it is also important to mention a way forward to overcome the lacunae highlighted in the answer.
Critically examine – The focus here should be on going in detail – highlighting the positives and the shortcomings – of the act and its implementation to understand why such crimes persist. Based on the arguments provided, we need to provide our stand on the issue being discussed.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Bring out the necessity of debating this issue in context of frequent sexual crimes against children. Also highlight that an ordinance has been passed which has ignited public debate.
- Mention details of law – POCSO Act being talked about in the question
- Do a critical examination of POCSO Act highlighting its good points and the bad
- Discuss about the issues in implementation
- Provide your stand on whether the law needs to be reframed or implementation of law needs to be improved. You can also highlight the things that need to change in both for the situation to improve
Conclusion – Mention a way forward and the need for urgently tackling this crime.