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2)Reduced fertility and mortality rate leading to a rapid increase in working age population poses several challenges. Discuss while suggesting a way forward.(250 words)

 

Topic: Topic – Population and associated issues

2)Reduced fertility and mortality rate leading to a rapid increase in working age population poses several challenges. Discuss while suggesting a way forward.(250 words)

 

Why this question

Reaping the demographic dividend remains one of the foremost objective of Indian state. The change in population structure will raise several issues particularly those related to employment, social security etc. Hence this issue needs to be discussed in detail.

 

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to answer the following points

  • What kind of an impact falling mortality and fertility rate will have on working age population
  • What are the direct and indirect challenges as a result of change in working age population
  • Measures to deal with the issue

 

Directive word

Discuss – Bring out the several challenges of the changing age profile of working population. Also mention if there are any advantages. Thereafter, provide a way forward

 

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight the importance of demographic dividend and the need to seize the same

 

Body

  • Highlight the impact of falling fertility and mortality rate on the age profile of working population
  • Bring out the change in age profile
  • Bring out other important changes having an effect on working age population
  • Highlight challenges
  • Elder people would increase in the workforce – bring out issues like skill acquisition and upgradation; technical know how etc
  • Like increased proportion of female in LFPR due to reduced burden of chidcare
  • Etc
  • Highlight advantages (potential or accrued)
  • Thereafter provide a way forward on how to deal with this issue before it becomes a problem of epic proportion

 

Conclusion – Highlight that it present India with a golden opportunity and India should seize the day

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