Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India. Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Effects of globalization on Indian society Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
1)Despite huge voter turnout of females in India, their political participation remains appallingly low, and needs to be increased. Critically analyze.
Why this question
India ranks 20th in terms of political participation of women. This is a very poor performance at our level of economic development and even as compared to our south Asian neighbors. The issue has been highlighted by various organizations and was recently highlighted by the economic survey also. It is related to GS-1 syllabus- Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India. Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Effects of globalization on Indian society Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
Key demand of the question
The question wants us to find out and write about the reasons behind low political participation of women in India and why efforts to improve the situation have not been successful and what steps should be taken further.
Analyze- we have to break the given question into key parts/ issues, which need to be answered. Then we have to write about those issues individually, but as per the demand of the question. Then we have to form a balanced and fair personal opinion over the given issue ( as a whole).
Structure of the answer
Introduction- Introduce your answer by defining political participation or you can mention India’s achievements in the field of political participation of females (e.g mention Indira Gandhi, Pratibha Patel etc) and then mention the parameters which indicate poor performance (e.g no. of women MPs and MLAs).
Body- divide the body of the answer into parts;
- Enlist and briefly describe the reasons for low female political participation. E.g financial barriers, social barriers, political barriers, acceptance by society, role models, sexual violence etc.
- briefly discuss in 2-3 lines why there is need for more political participation by Indian females. E.g research shows that women are more effective in delivering of social, educational services; diversity is vital for democracy, women related issues will be better highlighted and resolved etc.
- Enlist and describe briefly, the measures needed to improve the situation. E.g reservation in state legislatures and the Parliament, role of role models, forming women organizations etc.
Conclusion- present a brief conclusion of the above discussion in 1-2 lines.