Topic: Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business,
powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
2) Disruptions in parliament and state legislative assemblies are rooted in anti-defection law and money bills. Discuss(250 words)
Why this question
Parliamentary disruptions and low productivity of our parliament and state legislative assemblies has become a perennial problem, wanting discussion and change. The recent budgetary session was one similar abysmally low productive session. The question is related to GS-2 syllabus under the following heading-
Key demand of the question
The question wants us to describe in detail about the role of anti-defection law and money bills in disruptions in legislative assemblies and the Parliament. We have to explain their involvement in such disruptions.
Discuss- we have to dig deep into the issue and write in detail about how money bills and anti-defection law impact the working of the Parliament and state legislatures. Based on our discussion we have to explain how such disruptions are rooted in above two provisions. We also have to discuss the possible solutions, briefly.
Structure of the answer
Introduction- introduce your answer by documenting the low productivity of state legislatures and the Parliament, mention the severity, prevalence and history of the problem. Also, briefly mention Kihoto Hollohan case.
Body- Divide the body into three main parts. In one part discuss how anti-defection law is responsible for Parliamentary and state legislatures’ disruptions.
E.g discuss the role party whip, how it has placed the political party, and not the individual legislator, at the core of parliamentary democracy.
In the second part, discuss how money bills and their certification and loss of role of Rajya sabha lead to such disruptions.
Conclusion- present a brief conclusion of your discussion and briefly mention the way forward. E.g make necessary amendments in anti-defection law, domicile requirement for RS, amendments in money bill provisions.