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PRELIMS BOOSTERS – 2018: Barasingha (swamp deer or dolhorina (Assam)) and Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)


Barasingha (swamp deer or dolhorina (Assam)) and Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)

Barasingha (swamp deer or dolhorina (Assam))


  1. Vulnerable (VU) – IUCN
  2. State animal of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh
  3. Name — antlers carry more than three tines
  4. Habitat
  • They prefer tall grasslands and open habitats. They found in swampland and a variety of forest types ranging from dry to moist deciduous to evergreen. They also found in grassy floodplains, wooded areas, and found near water bodies
  • Range : central and northern India and southern Nepal
  • India : Assam, Jumna River, Ganges River, Brahmaputra River, Madhya Pradesh, Utter Pradesh, and Arunachal Pradesh
  1. Threats
  • poaching for antlers and meat
  • conversion of wetlands for agriculture
  • habitat in protected areas is threatened by the change in river dynamics, reduced water flow during summer, increasing siltation
  1. Conservation
  • Schedule – I of wildlife (Protection) act, 1972
  • CITES annexture I
  • Protected areas
  1. Kanha National Park –Madya Pradesh
  2. Dudhwa National Park – Uttar Pradesh
  3. Manas National Park — Assam
  4. Kaziranga National Park — Assam

Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)


  1. International legally-binding
  2. Result of Rio earth conference, 1992 and entered into force on 29 December 1993.
  3. three main goals:
  • conservation of biodiversity
  • sustainable use of biodiversity
  • fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the use of genetic resource
  1. objective — encourage actions, which will lead to a sustainable future
  2. covers biodiversity at all levels: ecosystems, species and genetic resources. It also covers biotechnology, including through the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety
  3. Conference of the Parties (COP)
  • Governing body
  • Consists of all governments (or Parties) that have ratified the treaty meets every two years to review progress, set priorities and commit to work plans.
  • To date, there are 193 Parties
  1. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (SCBD)
  • Montreal, Canada
  • assist governments in the implementation of the CBD and its programmes of work, to organize meetings, draft documents, and coordinate with other international organizations and collect and spread information
  1. Protocols under the convention
  • Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety — ensure the safe handling, transport and use of living modified organisms (LMOs) resulting from modern biotechnology that may have adverse effects on biological diversity, taking also into account risks to human health
  • Nagoya Protocol — Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization