Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
5)Should military budget be increased for India, a developing country committed to enhancing the quality of life of its citizens. Critically examine.
Why this question
India as a hostile neighborhood, diverse strategic interests and more importantly the aspirations being a developed nation. Thus it is an important question for a country like India. The question is related to GS3 syllabus under the following heading- Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
It is also related to GS2 syllabus under the following heading- Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health,
Education, Human Resources.
Key demand of the question
The question wants us to analyze whether developing countries like India should increase their defence budget even when they have a paucity of funds for development. We also have to see the implications of our opinion.
Critically examine- we have to probe deeper into the issue, form a judgment and examine the implications of our judgment.
Structure of the answer
Introduction- you can introduce your answer by quoting India’s Defence budget and compare it to other countries, mention the trend in its allocation etc.
Body- divide the body the answer into two main parts.
In one part, briefly discuss the need to have more funds for development but at the same time reiterate the need for a robust defense system for a country like India.
In the other part, discuss in points, why India’s Defence budget should be increased.
e.g need for modernization, low budget vis a vis other countries, high revenue expenditure leaving less space for capital expenses etc.
Conclusion – briefly present your conclusion along with a few suggestions, like rationalization of Manpower, employing Technology, private sector participation etc.