PRELIMS BOOSTERS 2018
Indian paradise flycatcher and International Whaling Commission (IWC)
Indian paradise flycatcher
- Least Concern — IUCN Red List (As the global population is considered stable)
- State animal of Madhya Pradesh
- passerine bird
- native to the Indian subcontinent, Central Asia and Myanmar
- Males have elongated central tail feathers
- Insectivorous — feed on insects
- Local Name – Dudhraj or shah bulbul
- Other subspecies
- Himalayan paradise flycatcher
- Ceylon paradise flycatcher
- They prefer thick forests and well-wooded habitats. They also found in forest, gardens, shady groves light deciduous jungle, and bamboo ravines
- found in India, Sri Lanka, and Turkestan to Manchuria and west to the Malay Archipelago where they inhabit the islands of Sumba and Alor
- spend the winter season in tropical Asia.
- Schedule – IV bird, according to wildlife (Protection) act, 1972.
International Whaling Commission (IWC)
- international body set up under International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling (ICRW)
- headquarters — Impington, near Cambridge, Englan
- International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling (ICRW)
governs the commercial, scientific, and aboriginal subsistence whaling practices of fifty-nine member nations
signed in Washington, D.C., United States, in 1946
- provide for the proper conservation of whale stocks
- orderly development of the whaling industry
- 1982 — moratorium on commercial whaling
- Whale sanctuaries
1994 — Southern Ocean Whale Sanctuary — surrounding the continent of Antarctica.
Indian Ocean Whale Sanctuary
- Membership — 87 members
- open to any country in the world that formally adheres to the 1946 Convention.
- Each member country is known as a Contracting Government and represented by a Commissioner, who is assisted by experts and advisers.
- India – joined in 1981