TOPIC: India and its neighborhood- relations.
4) Critically examine how far India has managed to fulfill its national interests through the exercise of its foreign policy. Discuss in light of the overall objectives of India’s foreign policy?(250 words)
Why this question
In the past few years, India has put a lot of emphasis on the conduct of its foreign policy. In the meantime, a lot of changes are happening in geopolitics. In this backdrop, critically analyzing the content of principles of Indian foreign policy and whether the direction where its taking us becomes imperative.
Demand of the question
The question expects us to first discuss the rudimentary principles of India’s foreign policy. Thereafter, the question expects us to examine whether the principles help India serve its national interest. It also becomes important to mull over what constitutes India’s national interest.
Discuss – Expects us to list down and briefly explain the principles of Indian foreign policy
Critically examine – Present both the good and bad impacts of Indian foreign policy and analyze whether it has helped us achieve our national interest.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Mention how in a globalized world, foreign policy has assumed greater significance and how it helps a nation achieve its national interest.
Body – First discuss the contents of India’s foreign policy. Eg principles of Panchsheel, non alignment and strategic autonomy, vasudhaiv kutumbakam, multipolarity, Gujral doctrine etc
In the next part, discuss what India’s national interests are – eradication of poverty, free and fair trade etc. Under each head discuss the achievements and limits of foreign policy.
Conclusion – Provide a balanced stand and mention what could be different.