Topic: The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country
1)The British conquest of India was an accident rather than the result of a deliberate policy and design. Critically analyse.(250 words)
NCERT Bipan Chandra, India’s Struggle for Independence, Chapter 13
Why this question
It’s a question which wants to know your opinion on an important historical event/ phase. Such questions are often asked in the GS1 paper. The question is related to GS1 syllabus under the following heading-
Key demand of the question
The question wants us to analyze overall British conquest of India, as in it’s finality and gather evidence/ facts/ arguments to form an opinion on, ” The British conquest of India was an accident rather than the result of a deliberate policy and design”.
Critically analyze – we have to look into all the aspects of the question and see to what extent the British conquest of India was an accident and also to what extent it was a result of deliberate policy and design.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – introduce your answer by mentioning about the English East India Company and the Battle of Buxar, Plassey.
Body – divide the body into two main parts. In one part discuss to what extent the contest was a result of an accident. e.g weak Indian rulers at that time, Lack of exposure to the industrial revolution in India, inter rivalries between kings and chiefs etc.
In the other part, give reasons for why British contest of India was a result of deliberate policy and design. e.g Robert Clive’s policy of the dual government, subsidiary Alliance, doctrine of lapse, the policy of divide and rule, constitutional reforms etc.
Conclusion- bring out a balanced judgement based on the above analysis