Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment, Disaster and disaster management.
6) Even though Indian Meteorological Department has predicted a normal monsoon this year, the long-term challenge for Indian agriculture is to make the most of the rainfall that we get. Comment.(250 Words)
Why this question
This is an important topic as water is a precious resource and it is more true for a country like India. India faces severe water shortages in large parts of the country and floods in other parts or other seasons. But there are some long term measures that India can take to tackle the problem. The question is related to GS-3 syllabus- Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment, Disaster and disaster management.
And also- Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints;
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to form an opinion on whether the long-term challenge for Indian agriculture is to make the most of the rainfall it gets. If yes, then why.
Comment – here we have to take a stand and then justify it. We also have to briefly discuss what are the solutions for the problem.
Structure of the answer
Introduction- introduce your answer by citing facts/ data from authentic sources. e.g India now uses more groundwater than China and US combined. Also, take a stand on the issue and mention it in the introduction.
Body – divide the body into parts.
1) justify your stand, by presenting your arguments in points form e.g electricity subsidy, depleting groundwater sources, water-intensive cropping pattern and agricultural practices, water pollution, encroachment of water bodies, interstate water disputes etc.
2) briefly discuss in points, how the problem can be solved. e.g mixed farming, amending electricity subsidies, rationalizing MSPs, water audit, Groundwater recharge, precise irrigation, desalination technology etc.
Conclusion- mention the Master Plan for artificial recharge of groundwater, as groundwater is the the worst and most widely affected source, with regards to agriculture.