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3) Critically examine whether India needs to maintain a policy of strategic non alignment between USA and China to avoid becoming a swing state. (

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

3) Critically examine whether India needs to maintain a policy of strategic non alignment between USA and China to avoid becoming a swing state. (250 Words)

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Why this question

The dynamics of relationship between US and CHina, has an impact on many other countries. China and India have a long history of cooperation and conflict. In recent years, it is believed that India has let go of non alignment when it comes to dealing with these two power behemoths. This has raised a debate over the best course of action for India in Ind – China –  USA triangle.

Key demand of the question

The question is asking us to examine the best course of action for India in dealing with US-China-India triangle. The question also mentions “avoid becoming a swing state”. This is because both these countries want India to remain in their camp so as to gain an upper hand in the power play that is happening in Asia Pacific. This means that if India does not pursue the policy of non alignment, it is condemned to get involved in camp politics. This part also needs to be critically examined.

Directive word

Critically examine – We need to bring out the pros and cons of all the policies available at India’s disposal in dealing with China and US and provide a balanced stand in the end.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain the nature of India-China-USA triangle

Body – Provide pros and cons of each possible stand

  • Non alignment = Principled equidistance
  • China camp
  • US camp (India currently here)

While providing pros and cons, should classify your points under broad heads like economy, strategic etc

Conclusion – End your answer with the stand you think would be most beneficial for India. Take help of quotes of some important scholars like Vivek Katju, SHivshankar Menon etc