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PRELIMS BOOSTERS – 2018: Phayre’s leaf monkey (Phayre’s langur) and Global Environmental Facility (GEF)






Phayre’s leaf monkey (Phayre’s langur) and Global Environmental Facility (GEF)


Phayre’s leaf monkey (Phayre’s langur)

  1. Endangered (EN) – IUCNPhayre's leaf monkey (Phayre's langur)
  2. Species of lutungfound in Southeast Asia
  3. State animal of Tripura


  1. Habitat
  • Prefer mixed moist deciduous forests, primary and secondary evergreen and semi-evergreen forests. They also found in woodlands, bamboo areas and near tea plantations
  • Range– Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, China, Thailand, Laosand Vietnam


  1. Threats
  • Habitat disturbance and fragmentation
  • Pollution
  • Inbreeding
  • Local trade in the animals for zoos and as foodphayre
  • Hunting for traditional “medicine” and bushmeat
  1. Conservation
  • Schedule – I animal, wildlife (Protection) act, 1972
  • CITES Appendix II

Global Environmental Facility (GEF)

  1. Established on the eve of the 1992 Rio Earth Summit
  2. Aim: to help tackle our planet’s most pressing environmental problems
  3. Independently operating financial organization. It provides grants for projects related to biodiversity, climate change, international waters, land degradation, the ozone layer, persistent organic pollutants (POPs), mercury, sustainable forest management, food security, sustainable cities


  1. UNIQUE PARTNERSHIP of 18 agencies — including United Nations agencies, multilateral development banks, national entities and international NGOs — working with 183 countries to address the world’s most challenging environmental issues


  • United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
  • United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (UNCBD)
  • Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)
  • United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)
  • Minamata Convention on Mercury.