Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc., Investment models. Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
5) Discuss the benefits and limitations of offshore wind energy generation, in relation to onshore wind energy generation. Also discuss steps taken by Indian government to harness offshore wind energy. (250 Words)
Why this question
In 2015, India announced an ambitious goal of to increasing renewable power capacity to 175 gigawatts (GW) by 2022, with 100 GW of solar, 60 GW of wind, 10 GW of bioenergy and 5 GW of small hydro. Recently India had called for expression-of-interest for its first offshore wind energy project. Thus the issue is important for exam and it is related to GS-3 syllabus under the following heading; Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc., Investment models. Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to highlight the benefits as well as limitations of offshore wind energy generation compared to onshore wind energy generation. Then it wants us to discuss what efforts have been made by India to harness its offshore wind energy.
Discuss- we have to write in detail about both the issue viz. 1) Benefits and limitations of offshore wind energy generation vis a vis onshore wind energy generation (not any other form of energy generation) and 2) steps taken by India.
Structure of the answer
introduction – introduce your answer by mentioning India’s wind energy targets and achievements.
Body- Divide the body into three parts.
In one part, discuss the benefits of offshore wind energy generation vis a vis onshore wind energy generation.
In the second part, discuss its limitations, negative point, challenges .
In the third part, discuss India’s offshore wind energy potential, identify challenges involved in harnessing offshore wind energy in India and what steps have been taken by the government to harness the same.
Conclusion- you can conclude your answer by presenting a few suggestions on how offshore wind energy can be better harnessed by India.