Topic: Changes in critical geographical features (including waterbodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes
1) Discuss how climate change will affect the rainfall pattern in India. Also analyze the risks that it poses to food security in India. (250 Words)
Why this question
Various studies including IPCC AR have mentioned that the impact of climate change on rainfall pattern particularly in Monsoon type climate will be immense. We have already seen its manifestation in the erratic rains in recent years. Come peak summers, and issues of droughts etc will again come to the forefront. Thus it is prudent to prepare the impact of Climate Change on weather.
Key demand of the question
The question is divided into two parts. In the first part we need to describe in detail the impact of Climate Change on rainfall. In the second part we have to describe the risks posed by such erratic rainfall patterns and other implications of Climate Change on food security in India
Discuss – The question simply expects you to describe the impact of Climate Change on rainfall patterns in India. The more reports you quote, the more data you give, the better your score.
Analyze – Here the question expects you to delve deep into the risk and whether it can be mitigated or not.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Describe the various ways in which Climate Change affects rainfall patterns – EL Nino, La Nina etc
1st part – Describe the impact of Climate Change on rainfall
2nd part – Analyze the risks starting from the risk posed by erratic rainfall
Conclusion – Write about the overall gravity of the situation and the things that should be done to bring the situation under control.