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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 07 April 2018

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 07 April 2018

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)

REVISION TIMETABLE FOR PRELIMS – 2018 

Revision Tests

 

 


General Studies – 1


 

 

Topic:  Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country ; Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism

1) Dalit movement has today merely remained an effort at mass political mobilisation. Critically examine the statement tracing the evolution of Dalit movement.(250 Words)

The Indian Express

 

Why this question?

With the recent Supreme Court’s order on the SC/ST Prevention of Atrocities Act, and the ensuing Dalit protests, it becomes important to delve deep into the history of Dalit movements and contrast it with the the nature of Dalit movement as it is currently. The current Dalit protests should be prepared from a GS 1 perspective.

Key demand of the question

The key focus of the question is on examining the opinion expressed in the statement that Dalit movements have merely remained tools of mass mobilization and manifestation of vote bank politics. This view is to examined by contrasting it with Dalit movements of the past.

Directive word:

Critically examine – The focus should be on providing arguments for and against the hypothesis that Dalit movements today are merely political mobilization tools. We can argue that the movement today is in sync with the objectives of the Dalit movements as envisaged by Ambedkar and as had happened in the 70s. On the contrary, the Dalit movement today can be seen as mass appeal of the social empowerment ideals and the efforts of the marginalized section to seize power in the game of political one man upmanship.

Structure of the answer

In the introduction, write on the Dalit movements in India and the nature of Dalit movement currently.

First give arguments for your thesis (whatever your view on the statement is). Thereafter, briefly give arguments on your antithesis.

In your conclusion give a balanced opinion on the status of Dalit movement in India currently.

 


General Studies – 2


 

 

Topic: Governance, accountability, transparency, e-governance

2) Facebook’s current privacy crisis and questions about how Google gathers, uses and stores our personal information demonstrate an urgent need to review and replace inadequate and outdated ways to regulate data and information. Comment.  (250 Words)

The Economic Times

The Economist

 

Why this question

Facebook, the world’s largest social media company has been involved in many controversies, ranging from manipulating US elections to collection of user data by Cambridge Analytica firm.  Similarly google collects huge amount of data ranging from web searches to user location. This huge amount of data raises serious privacy and regulatory concerns.

This question comes under GS-3 syllabus- Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.

 

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to deliberate upon the current mechanisms in place to regulate data and information in India and globally. Then it wants us to point out the deficiencies/limitations of these mechanisms/ institutions.

Directive word

Comment- the answer should have a personal opinion derived from facts/ arguments. The opinion so derived should be backed by sufficient logic/ arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- in the introduction part briefly discuss the corpus of data generated over Facebook and Google and how it affects the privacy of citizens.

Body- Divide the body of the answer into 2 parts. In one part, briefly describe the mechanisms/ institutions in place to regulate data and information in India and, globally. In the second part, discuss why these mechanisms/ institutions are inadequate.

Conclusion- in the conclusion part briefly mention some realistic solutions to the given problem.

.

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora

3) Intensification of trade war between US and China offers many benefits to countries like India but it also poses certain serious threats to our economy. Analyse. (250 Words)

The Indian Express

Why this question

In the recent trade war between China and US, US has imposed higher tariffs on several Chinese products and China has reciprocated the same by imposing higher tariffs on some US products. Escalation of this trade war would have huge implications not only for China and US but also for other economies including India. The question is related to the GS-3 syllabus under the following heading- India and its neighborhood- relations. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests, Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

Key demand of the question

The question demands us to analyse the US-China trade war and thereof conclude its positive aspects as well as its fallouts, with respect to Indian economy.

Directive word

Analyse- the question wants us to dig deep into the issue and identify various benefits the ongoing US-China trade war can bring to India. It also wants us to find out the negative effects of such war on Indian economy.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- in the introduction you can mention the effect of the ongoing trade war on the stock exchanges. Or you can mention the implausibility of a full-scale trade war between the two countries given the geo-political realities in today’s world.

Body of the answer- divide the body of the answer into two parts. In one part, discuss the positive effects of US-China trade war, on Indian economy. In another part, discuss the adverse effects it could have on Indian economy.

Conclusion – in the conclusion you can mention in 1-2 lines, the importance of trade in promoting peace and prosperity among participating countries. You can also conclude your answer by providing suggestions in order to forestall any negative fallouts of the trade war on Indian economy.

 

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

4) Despite immense potential of EU-India Broad-based Trade & Investment Agreement (BTIA), the Agreement has been in limbo for a long time now. Discuss the issues that hinder its finalisation. (250 Words)

The Financial Express

Why this question

Trade deals are important issue from GS 2 and GS3 perspective. In this atmosphere where so much is happening in free trade around the world, all bilateral and multilateral agreements as well as other developments become very important.

Key demand of the question

The focus of the question is on EU India BTIA – the potential of it and the issues that obstruct its finalization.

Directive word

Examine- The question is self-explanatory. You have to highlight the various reasons along with their associated impacts that impede the deal’s finalization.

Structure of the answer

In the introduction, write briefly about EU India BTIA – its history, the current development etc.

Body-Divide the body of the answer into 2 parts.

In one part deal with the potential of BTIA. Why it is important for both stakeholders to finalize the deal early. Keep this section short.

In the latter part, discuss the reasons which in your opinion holds back the finalization.

Conclusion –End with a focus on lost potential and what should be done to finalise the deal soon.

.

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation

5) Skill India mission, to be successful, needs a paradigm shift. Examine in light of Sharada Prasad Committee recommendations. (250 Words)

The Hindu

Why this question?

Any issue that concerns employment is to be prepared from mains perspective. Skill India is an important governmental initiative to address the unemployment situation in the country. It is necessary, thus, to delve deep into the mission and understand its strength and weaknesses.

Key demand of the question:

The question is asking us to answer whether the provisions of Skill India mission have what it takes to boost vocational education and improve the employment situation in the country, or whether it requires reforms to achieve its goal. The reforms that are suggested should be in light of the Sharada Prasad Committee recommendations.

Directive Word:

Examine – IN this case you have to probe deeper into the Skill India Mission and recommendations of Sharada Prasad Committee to see if the shortcomings of Skill India Mission can be resolved by the reforms suggested.

Structure of Answer:

In the introduction, write about Skill India Mission – objectives, status. Mention the need of reaping demographic dividend by providing employment. Basically establish that Skill India should be high priority.

The body of this answer is to be divided into two parts. In the first part, talk about the problems plaguing Vocational Education and skilling in India. Analyse this problem (while quoting from Sharada Prasad Committee) from different dimensions – institutional shortcomings, implementation shortcomings etc

In the second part, talk about what are those reforms that are required or whether status quo should prevail. If you are taking the stand that reforms are required, quote from Sharada Prasad Committee recommendations to bolster your arguments. In case, you are taking the latter stand, focus on why the committee’s recommendations are not the way forward.

The conclusion should mention a fair view and a way forward.

.

Topic:India and its neighborhood- relations; Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

6) With Nepal joining China’s OBOR initiative and an increasing engagement of between the two countries it is time for a revisit in our foreign policy vis a vis Nepal. Comment. (250 Words)

The Hindu

Why this question

Relations between India and Nepal soured after the latter promulgated its new constitution. Madhesi protests and the road blockade led to a diplomatic scuffle between the two countries. Since then china has increased its political and economic engagement with Nepal and recently Nepal has agreed to join the OBOR  initiative. Thus it is an important topic as far as UPSC mains exam is concerned. It’s part of GS-2; India and its neighbourhood- relations. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreement involving India and/or affecting India’s interests Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

Key Demand of the question

The question demands an analysis of our foreign policy vis a vis Nepal, in the light of growing influence of China in the country. The question also demands us to provide the necessary revisions required in our foreign policy to to amend our relations with Nepal and further strengthen them.

Directive word

Comment- we have to form a personal opinion on the basis of a discussion of India’s foreign policy towards Nepal. It also wants us to suggest the required changes in our foreign policy which could help in further strengthening our relations with Nepal.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – in the introduction mention the close linguistic, marital, religious, and, cultural ties between India and Nepal and also the scope of cooperation between the two countries in the fields of development as well as diplomacy.

Body – the body of the answer should be divided into two parts. In one part, briefly discuss going proximity between China and Nepal and souring of relations between India and Nepal over madhesi protests.

In another part, discuss the need  to revisit India’s foreign policy vis a vis Nepal and and give suggestions of amending the same in a way that it serves India’s diplomatic needs and also does not hurt Nepal’s sovereign interests and rights.

Conclusion- you can mention the rise of Asia and need of a stable, friendly neighbourhood in order to ensure development of the whole region.


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Conservation ; 

7) There is lack of seriousness in prosecuting offenders under wildlife protection act. Discuss the reasons behind high acquittal rates in wildlife related crimes. (250 Words)

Down to Earth

 

Why this question

A recent book titled “State of India’s Environment 2017: In Figures” by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) suggests that a worrying 52 per cent increase in poaching and wildlife crimes occurred between 2014 and 2016. The issue became highlighted when Salman Khan was convicted in blackbuck poaching case. The question is directly related to the GS-3 syllabus(under the following heading)- Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment, Disaster and disaster management.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to deliberate upon the high acquittal rates  in case of wildlife related crimes. We have to discuss in detail, why crimes under Wildlife Protection Act are not prosecuted seriously and have low conviction rates.

Directive word

Discuss – we have to explore in detail the reasons behind high  acquittal and low conviction rates under wildlife protection act.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- you can introduce the answer with some statistics, for example from National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB) or from the book  “State of India’s Environment 2017: In Figures” by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE).

Body of the answer- the body of the answer should be divided into points. Each point should briefly describe the reason behind high acquittal rates in wildlife related crimes.

Conclusion – in conclusion briefly mention some plausible solutions that could be employed to rectify the above situation.

 

 

 


General Studies – 4


Why this question?

Quotes by famous personalities are important for Paper 4.

Key demand of the question:

The quote has to be understood in context of the life challenges of Martin Luther King. Your opinion is to be provided on what the quote implies, instances from history or current events where you feel the above has proven true.

Directive Word:

Comment:   Here we have to pick main points and give our ‘opinion’ on them based on evidences or arguments stemming from our wide reading.

Structure of Answer:

Introduction – Write about the ideals of Dr Martin Luther King, the issues he fought for and how this quote is relevant to his life.

In the body, mention about how you have interpreted this quote. Talk about integrity, the importance of staying true to your own values irrespective of the circumstances. Give examples of personalities who have achieved great things armed only with their integrity and conviction. Incorporate the fact that values have been acquired after a long effort and for self actualization, staying true to your values in adversarial circumstance is very important.

In the 2nd part of the body, one can talk about the advantages that can accrue by following the quote and quote instance from personal life where you have stayed true to your values and how it has helped you.

Conclusion – Give the issue at hand a global perspective, such as how for environmental problems to get resolved, it is important for environmentalists to continue waging their battle to bring about a sustainable change.

 


 Other IMPORTANT issues that are NOT covered Today in Secure/Covered Previously:

  1. RBI supervisory architecture and the bank frauds – Livemint
  2. What Supreme Court’s dilution of SC/ST Act means for Dalit women- Livemint
  3. Was the SC right on the anti-atrocities law? – The Hindu
NOTE: 
We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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