Topic: Conservation ; Environmental pollution and degradation; Environmental impact assessment
5) The goal of bringing one third of India’s geographical area under forest cover seems like a distant dream. In light of the steps suggested in Draft National Forest Policy, critically examine whether this distant dream can be made a reality? (250 Words)
Why this question?
Draft Policies are always important because they set the course of debate around a particular topic which remains in news. Thus it is important to examine the provisions of Draft National Forest Policy to see how successful they might be in achieving its stated objective.
Key demand of the question:
The key demand of the question is to examine whether the provisions of Draft National Forest Policy are adequate or ill conceived to enhance India’s forest cover. One also has to conclude with their own reasoning, why they feel the draft policy will be successful in achieving its objective.
Critically examine. We have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the implications if any of the provisions of the draft policy. Since the question mentions critically, we have to mention our own opinion (based on reasoning) as to whether the draft policy will succeed or not.
Structure of Answer:
In the introduction, you should write about the status of forest cover in India as per the recently released Indian Forest Report. One should also touch on the need for enhancing forest cover in light of climate change, shortage of rainfall and other such impacts. Thereafter, one can mention about the aim of draft policy.
The body of this answer is pretty straight forward. We need to delve into the provisions of the forest policy and how each provision would impact forest cover. Classify provisions of the forest policy into different heads such as Finance, Governance (FRA and Gram Sabha Issue), Awareness, Administration (diversion of land etc) and examine these heads in light of the provisions of the Forest Policy.
The conclusion should mention your stand. If you feel the forest policy will be successful, mention why and what else can be done. If not, mention why and what more should be done.