Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India; Social empowerment; Poverty and developmental issues
1) Data from NCRB highlights the plight of SCs and STs in India. Highlight its key findings. It is believed that dilution of SCs/STs prevention of Atrocities Act would only worsen their situation. Comment. (250 Words)
Why this question
This question comes under GS-1 (Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India) and GS-2(Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions). This topic is important in the light of recent SC judgement and subsequent agitations by SC/STs as well.
Key demand of the question
The question demands us to highlight the plight of SCs/ STs in India in terms of various atrocities committed against them and then give an opinion on the recent SC order. You have to justify the answer properly.
Highlight: Briefly cite key findings like conviction rates and trial pending rates under SC/ST Prevention of atrocities act.
Comment: Give your opinion on whether the recent SC order is a step in right direction or not. The answer should be properly justified.
Structure of the answer:-
Introduction- Briefly mention how the amendments made in 2015 to the SC/ST prevention of atrocities act intended to make it more stringent, have failed to serve their purpose.
The body of the answer should be divided into 2 parts. In one part, briefly cite the trial completion rates, conviction rates and trial pending rates under SC/ST Prevention of atrocities act.
In the second part, comment on the deficiencies in the implementation of the act, with special emphasis on the recent Supreme court order.
In the conclusion part, briefly write how to ensure that the act serves its desired purpose and, how its misuse can be prevented.