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PRELIMS BOOSTERS – 2018: Great Indian Bustard  and Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)






Great Indian Bustard  and Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)


Great Indian Bustard

  1. Critically endangered — IUCN Red data listGreat Indian Bustard
  2. Heaviest of the flying birds
  3. These birds are often found associated in the same habitat as blackbuck.

4. Habitat

  • Arid and semi-arid grasslands with scattered short scrub, bushes and low intensity cultivation in flat or gently undulating terrain. It avoids irrigated areas
  • Found in India and the adjoining regions of Pakistan
  • In India, the bird was historically found in Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Today the bustard is restricted to isolated pockets in Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan

5. Threats

  • widespread hunting for sport and food
  • Activities such as mining, stone quarrying, growth of industries, heavy pesticide use, grassland conversion and power projects along with the expansion of roads, electricity pylons, wind turbines, solar energy projects and other infrastructures have increased the severity of habitat degradation and disturbance

6. Protection

  • CITES Appendix I.
  • Schedule 1 (Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Act 2002 )
  • Project Great Indian Bustard — state of Rajasthan — identifying and fencing off bustard breeding grounds in existing protected areas as well as provide secure breeding enclosures in areas outside protected areas

7. Protected areas

  1. Desert National Park Sanctuary — Rajasthan
  2. Rollapadu Wildlife Sanctuary – Andhra Pradesh
  3. Karera Wildlife Sanctuary– Madhya Pradesh


Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

  1. International body for assessing the science related to climate change.
  2. Set up in 1988 by
  • World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
  • United Nations Environment Program (UNEP)
  1. IPCC assessments provide a scientific basis for governments at all levels to develop climate related policies, and they underlie negotiations at the UN Climate Conference – the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
  2. Members — 195 members
  3. Participation is open to all member countries of the WMO and United Nations
  4. IPCC Bureau — elected by member governments,

Provides guidance to the Panel on the scientific and technical aspects of the Panel’s work and advises the Panel on related management and strategic issues ..

  1. Task Force on National Greenhouse Gas Inventoriesoversees  the compilation of global warming emissions and removals by country
  2. IPCC works by assessing published literature. It does not conduct its own scientific research.

9. Reports

  • Till now it has released five assessment reports
  • Special Report on Emissions Scenarios (SRES)
  • Special report on renewable energy sources and climate change mitigation (SRREN)