Topic: Human Values; Ethical dilemma; Public services
5) You are preparing for civil services exam. Your parents, who are farmers, do not understand the nature of this exam. They have given up agriculture due to frequent losses. They are forcing you to work and earn some money so that they can sustain themselves with three meals a day. You decide to conduct tuition to rich kids in your area. On applying online, you get 3-4 homes to conduct evening tuitions. These sessions would consume 4-5 hours daily, but help you earn enough to sustain yourself and parents back home. One day you notice that few children of migrant workers are helping their parents near a construction site. You come to know that these children are not going to school. You decide to teach these children too.
- How will you convince parents of these children, and also children themselves to attend your classes?
- In case managing classes to both rich kids and migrant kids becomes hectic and starts affecting your civil services preparation, to which kids you will continue to teach? Justify.
Why this question?
It’s a case study that poses classic ethical dilemma. Similar case studies have been asked previously by UPSC.
Key demand of the question:
In both questions, through practical arguments, justify your stance. Focus should be on making arguments based on ground realities. Both Q 1 & 2 should be given equal weightage – around 175 words each.
Justify: Through illustrations, facts and examples, justify why you want to help a particular section of kids (or both).
Structure of Answer:
Write a general introduction about facts, issues and stakeholders of the case. Also write a line on inaccessibility of quality education to poor children.
Question- 1: No introduction needed.
Write in 5-6 paragraphs, how you will convince parents of these children: focus in ground realities, concerns of these parents, on what arguments they will actually agree to send children etc. (safety, fees, peer group, moving away from exploitation, trafficking, escaping from becoming anti-social elements etc)
Question- 2: One line introduction about your stance.
Justify through 6-7 arguments you stance. For each argument, provide an example/fact etc. Remember all stakeholders – your parents, yourself, poor children, their parents etc, while making arguments.
In a general conclusion highlight the need for ensuring state sponsored initiatives to help these children access education.