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1) How does trade impact women? Examine how international trade can be made gender-fair.

Topic: Role of women

1) How does trade impact women? Examine how international trade can be made gender-fair. (250 Words)

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Why this question?

This is an important dimension vis a vis gender equality. This topic integrates topics from GS-1, GS-2 and GS-3.  

Key demand of the question:

Explain the impact of trade on women (rights, opportunities, freedom, fairness, employment etc) and examine measures to make international trade gender-fair. 

Directive Word:

Examine–  Inspect closely how governments and international institutions can make international trade gender-fair. Present supporting facts. 

Structure of Answer:

In the introduction, write how women are discriminated in variety of fields in variety of ways. And why recognising and strengthening their role (gender inclusivity) in trade is important. 

In the body, there should be TWO main parts: One to explain the impact of trade on women. Explain why it’s discriminatory, how it has affected women entrepreneurship, etc. In the second part, examine measures to make international trade gender – fair: through decision making roles, enabling rural women to participate in trade, etc. Focus on rights-based approach. Talk about strengthening policies (including gender dimension in trade policies at country level). Give data, mention SDGs, treaties, declarations etc. Mention India example too. 

In the conclusion write why women in key roles make key contributions to economic growth. 

For more, refer to this document (only introduction and first chapter)

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