Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues
1) It is said that Winston Churchill was a war criminal and a blinkered imperialist untroubled by the oppression of non-white peoples. Do you agree? Critically comment, especially considering his role in India’s struggle for Independence. (250 Words)
Why this question?
Churchill is in news thanks to Oscar for best actor. He is also in news because according to many even his character doesn’t deserve an Oscar. For us, it’s important because he is part of our syllabus. Important question for Mains (almost 100 % chance that a question on Churchill will be there)
Key demand of the question:
You have to critically comment whether Winston Churchill was evil as argued by many. Be unbiased and argue from India’s perspective.
Critically comment– Based on facts, register your opinion. But praise him wherever he deserves to be praised.
Structure of Answer:
In the introduction, write 1-2 lines about contradictory role Churchill played during the World War II and India’s freedom struggle. Write a line why he is considered both a hero and a villain. Then, write your opinion – agree or disagree, or both.
In the body, divide answer into 4-5 categories: Role in great Indian Famine, role in WW II, etc. Within each category, write your opinion based on historical facts.
In the conclusion write few lines how perceptions change with times and why Churchill is not an exception.
TIP: Don’t be biased in answers. Don’t be too much one-sided.