4) India is rightly acclaimed to be the pharmacy of the world, with its huge private sector capacity for producing branded and unbranded generic drugs. However, India has seen the decline and near disappearance of public sector capacity for manufacture of drugs and vaccines. Why is healthy and robust public sector drug manufacturing is important for India? How can India boost this sector? Examine.

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Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, 

4) India is rightly acclaimed to be the pharmacy of the world, with its huge private sector capacity for producing branded and unbranded generic drugs. However, India has seen the decline and near disappearance of public sector capacity for manufacture of drugs and vaccines. Why is healthy and robust public sector drug manufacturing is important for India? How can India boost this sector? Examine. (250 Words)

The Hindu

Why this question?

It’s an important issue, especially when public sector units are facing flak for all reasons, here is the need for revival of these units in pharma sector.   

Key demand of the question:

Write importance of reviving public sector drug manufacturing units and measures to boost them. First part needs more weightage (70%). 

Directive Word:

Examine: Address both parts of the question with relevant information extracted from article. your opinion is not needed.    

Structure of Answer:

In the introduction write in 2-3 lines about complimenting efforts of private players with public players to make drugs affordable and accessible to huge population not only in India, also for the world.  Quote SDG/NFHS. 

In the body, divide answer into TWO main parts: First to answer why pubic sector drug companies need revival. Categorise into 4-5 parts such as Universal Healthcare, Affordability, etc. In the second part, write 4-5 points on how government should revive these. 

In the conclusion, write 1-2 line on uncertainty that exists in private sector and how public sector can be a saviour when situation(drug scarcity) arises.

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