[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 10 March 2018

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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 10 March 2018

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

LIST of TOPICS (Static)


General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent); 

1) The way water is used, or wasted, is as good a test as any to judge the extent to which a society is socially just and environmentally sustainable. Discuss critically water usage pattern in Indian cities and India’s readiness to combat water crises in near future. (250 Words)

EPW

Reference

Why this question?

Water security is an important issue to be learnt in depth from both GS and Essay point of view.   

Key demand of the question:

Write on usage pattern of water in Indian cities (note the word cities) and about India’s readiness – i.e. preparedness to tackle water shortages in cities (Mechanisms/policies/plans we have in place). Give equal weightage to both parts.   

Directive Word:

Discuss– Examine important dimensions related to two main parts of the questions. In the second part, you can comment too.  

Structure of Answer:

In the introduction, quote a recent report and highlight how bad is water situation in Indian cities. Write a line on indiscriminate usage of water and government’s apathy towards this. 

In the body, as per question’s demand there are TWO main parts. Within each parts, identify 3-4 dimensions and write related points for them. Data and facts are important for this answer. You can give a brief case study of a city (Bangalore, Mumbai or Delhi) for the whole answer. 

Briefly write few solutions too.

In the conclusion, write about the need for having sense of urgency in dealing with impending water crisis. 

Related Question Here, Here, Here(Editorial)

Tip: Collect latest data for important issues and try to remember few of them to use in answers.

 

 


General Studies – 2


 

 

Topic: Indian constitution – salient features; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of vulnerable sections

2) The right to a dignified life extends up to the point of having a dignified death. Analyse in the light of guidelines given by the Supreme Court in a recent judgement. (250 Words)

The Hindu

Livemint

 

Why this question?

This issue is given a final shape in terms of guidelines by the SC. Ethically and constitutionally an important issue.  Important for Mains. 

Key demand of the question:

You should analyse why right to dignified life also means right to dignified death.  Drawing from various rights related observations made by the SC (liberty, dignity, consent, autonomy, right to refuse etc), analyse each aspect in the light of the statement. 

Directive Word:

Analyse: As mentioned above, divide answer into parts and examine each aspect within the demand of the question.  

Structure of Answer:

In the introduction write about importance of having guidelines in absence of a related law. 

Define active and passive euthanasia (to let know examiner that your concepts are clear)

In the body, divide answer into 4-5 key aspects of this issue(as mentioned above). Within each  write about SC observation and their implications. You should also write significance of these guidelines. Give facts related to the Law Commission, past cases etc. 

In the conclusion, write in 1-2 lines about challenges involved in granting special status.

Related question/Articles: Here , Here , Here, Here

 

 


General Studies – 3


 

 

Topic:  Agriculture issues

3) Analyse the key features and issues involved in the draft Pesticides Management Bill, 2017. (250 Words)

Down to Earth

PRS

Livemint

 

Why this question?

Though it’s a narrow issue, the Bill has wide implications. Moreover, farmers are opposing the Bill on many grounds. Important for Mains.  

Key demand of the question:

Write features and important issues. Give more weightage to issues part.   

Directive Word:

Analyse:  Divide answer into various parts within Mains parts (as demanded by the question) and examine/comment on relevant information. 

Structure of Answer:

In the introduction write about the need for protecting interest of both farmers and environment in any policy formulation. Write a line on key issue that this draft Bill poses to various stakeholders. 

In the body, there should be TWO mains part: One for features – here, you can categorise points as regulation, manufacture, liability etc. In the Second part, write about the issues – key concerns or objections etc. 

In the conclusion, write about the need for taking on board interests of various stakeholders before passing this Bill.  

 

Topic: Food security; Agriculture

4) Discuss why biodiversity is important for food security. (250 Words)

Down to Earth

FAO

Reference

Reference

 

Why this question?

Very good concept to learn and apply in answers related to food security/biodiversity. Also very important for Essay.  

Key demand of the question:

Discuss why food biodiversity is important for food security. Also write from both Indian and global perspective. 

Directive Word:

Discuss: Write major dimensions – genetic diversity, role of animals and plants in food security, soil, marine, etc  

Structure of Answer:

In the introduction write in 1-2 lines about linkages that exist between man’s survival and biodiversity around him. 

Define biodiversity and food security.

In the body, there should be at least 4-5 parts: as mentioned above. Also write few challenges and  consequences (of harming either one of them) Give ample facts – institutions/conventions/stats/studies etc. Write about India’s situation too(loss of biodiversity in some regions and how they have impacted agriculture/food production)

In the conclusion, write India’s perspective on this issue (huge population – less biodiversity – implication).

 


General Studies – 4


Topic: ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; 
  

5) Social networking technologies open up a new type of ethical space in which personal identities and communities, both ‘real’ and virtual, are constructed, presented, negotiated, managed and performed. Discuss.(150 Words)

ETHICS – Values

Why this question?

Social networks are posing new ethical challenges to humanity. This questions tests one dimension of this issue. 

Key demand of the question:

You should discuss naturecauses and consequences of ethical space where identities of communities and individuals are constructed, manages, presented, negotiated and performed. Discuss how society is impacted by these artificial constructions of identities (see below in ‘structure of answer’ for more clarity)

Directive Word:

Discuss:  you should discuss nature, causes and consequences of the main dimension given in the statement of the question. 

Structure of Answer:

Write an introduction on the phenomenon of creation of virtual identities of individuals/communities and the impact they have on societies. Also write a line about social media’s ethics. 

In the body, there should be THREE dimensions: Nature – here, through examples explain the statement. Think about Twitter wars to have more number of followers, a Facebook page to create an identity for an individual to win votes/likes/followers (in order to buy power/make money). For example, a Facebook page of son of an MLA who was involved in brutal attack on an individual portrays him as benevolent and social worker. 

In the second part write about reasons why such identities are constructed, manages, presented, negotiated and performed. All these words convey that identities are artificial and presented as real. Then, write about consequences (winning elections by manufacturing opinion, luring more customers by creating false illusion etc)

In the conclusion write in 1-2 lines need for  regulation and challenges that exist in this regard.  

 


 Other IMPORTANT issues that are NOT covered Today in Secure:

  1. Missing Women Workforce
  2. India – Singapore Pricing Agreement

NOTE: 
We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

 Let us know in comments section what do you think about this new change in Secure. Thank you. 

 

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