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1) The way water is used, or wasted, is as good a test as any to judge the extent to which a society is socially just and environmentally sustainable. Discuss critically water usage pattern in Indian cities and India’s readiness to combat water crises in near future.

Topic: Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent); 

1) The way water is used, or wasted, is as good a test as any to judge the extent to which a society is socially just and environmentally sustainable. Discuss critically water usage pattern in Indian cities and India’s readiness to combat water crises in near future. (250 Words)

EPW

Reference

Why this question?

Water security is an important issue to be learnt in depth from both GS and Essay point of view.   

Key demand of the question:

Write on usage pattern of water in Indian cities (note the word cities) and about India’s readiness – i.e. preparedness to tackle water shortages in cities (Mechanisms/policies/plans we have in place). Give equal weightage to both parts.   

Directive Word:

Discuss– Examine important dimensions related to two main parts of the questions. In the second part, you can comment too.  

Structure of Answer:

In the introduction, quote a recent report and highlight how bad is water situation in Indian cities. Write a line on indiscriminate usage of water and government’s apathy towards this. 

In the body, as per question’s demand there are TWO main parts. Within each parts, identify 3-4 dimensions and write related points for them. Data and facts are important for this answer. You can give a brief case study of a city (Bangalore, Mumbai or Delhi) for the whole answer. 

Briefly write few solutions too.

In the conclusion, write about the need for having sense of urgency in dealing with impending water crisis. 

Related Question Here, Here, Here(Editorial)

Tip: Collect latest data for important issues and try to remember few of them to use in answers.