3) Plugging gaps in justice system, not death penalty, can curb child sexual abuse,. In the light of recent move by Haryana and Rajasthan in introducing the death penalty for rape of a child below the age of 12 years, analyse the statement.

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Topic: Mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections

3) Plugging gaps in justice system, not death penalty, can curb child sexual abuse,. In the light of recent move by Haryana and Rajasthan in introducing the death penalty for rape of a child below the age of 12 years, analyse the statement. (250 Words)

The Indian Express

Why this question?

Violence/crimes against children and women are favourite topics for UPSC

Key demand of the question:

It’s a statement based question and gives a context as well. Don’t write too much on Haryana and Rajasthan laws. Write more about reforming justice system. Write about demerits of death penalties.      

Directive Word:

Analyse: In parts/categories, examine and comment on the statement. To analyse, you should first identify broad categories. 

Structure of Answer:

In the introduction write 1-2 lines on abysmal record of India in protecting its children (quote a report). Also write a line on need for structural reforms in justice system rather than resorting to deterrences. 

In the body, in 4-5 categories, argue why and how India’s justice system needs strengthening in order to protect children from sexual violences. Give examples. Also argue why death penalty may not be the right solution.

In the conclusion, write the importance of creating awareness about laws and implications of crimes. 

Tip: With more practice you will learn to break-down answer into parts. Categorising points will fetch you more marks.