4) Is it time for India to review the  first-past-the post system (FPTP) and move towards proportional representation(PR) model? It is also said that the German model will be more suitable for India. Critically examine.

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Topic: Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure. 

4) Is it time for India to review the  first-past-the post system (FPTP) and move towards proportional representation(PR) model? It is also said that the German model will be more suitable for India. Critically examine. (250 Words)

The Hindu

Why this question?

After 2014 General Election this debate is going on and off. It’s important to know both concepts and their suitability to India. Important question for Mains GS-2 and Essay 

Key demand of the question:

In the first part you should examine if FPTP is more suitable for India compared to PR system. In the second part, examine features of German model and see if it suits to India. 

Directive Word:

Critically Examine: Present facts supporting merits and demerits of both the systems. 

Structure of Answer:

In the introduction, write why India’s needs electoral reforms and also need to have a debate to eliminate injustices that exist due to present FPTP system.

In the body, There should be TWO main parts: One for examining if it’s time to move towards PR system. Here write merits and demerits of both and come to a conclusion. In the Second part, write about German model (the middle path). Write features and why it may be suitable for India. 

In the conclusion, write about the consequence of not reforming existing system ( we are moving towards virtually one party system). 

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Tip: In’t better not to mention any political party name or politicians’ name in your answer.