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Can such incidences, where most of the times poor people are the victims, be prevented? How?

Topic:  Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ; Quality of service delivery,  challenges of corruption. 

6) A building permitted for three floors, while being extended illegally to 6 floors by a builder, collapses. As a consequence, a number of innocent labourers including women and children died. These labourers are migrants of different places. The government arrested the builder and owner of the building. Government also suspended  few engineers. The dead migrants are given monetary compensation.

  1. Can such incidences, where most of the times poor people are the victims, be prevented? How?
  2. Discuss the ethical issues involved in such incidences.
  3. Examine the issues faced by migrant workers in cities.

Why this question?

Recently in Bangalore many migrant construction workers died due to negligence of builder.    UPSC also asked similar case study in CSM-2017. 

Key demand of the question:

This is an unconventional case study which seeks to test your understanding of the issue especially from ethics point of view. Answer all three questions in about 100-120 words each (even though word limit is 250) 

Directive Word:

Discuss(2nd Question): Write about all dimensions of the issues involved: Identify 3-4 major ethical issues, and write their dimensions – what, why and how(how it affects stakeholders) aspects. 

Examine (3ed Question): Identify and write 2-3 lines on each issues faced by migrants in cities. Try to restrict answer to ethics framework (rights, access, fairness, justice etc)

Structure of Answer:

There should be general introduction before starting with Question – 1. In this general introduction write about facts and stakeholders of the case and also highlight major ethical issue.   

Question-1: No need for another introduction. You should comment on the issue briefly and suggest measures to prevent such incidents in future. Based on ethics syllabus, restrict your answer to key topics such as especially values – empathy, attitude, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct,  Work culture, Quality of service delivery etc

Question-2:   Identify 3-4 ethical issues such as empathy vs greed etc. To identify ethical issues, you should consider all the stakeholders (government, builder, engineers, migrants, public etc). Then write different dimensions of each issue briefly -what, why and how(how it affects stakeholders) . 

Question-3: This is like other GS question, however try maximum to restrict to ethics framework. 

Write a general conclusion for all 3 parts in 2-3 lines. You can write conclusion like why such incidents are antithetical to India’s moral standing/posturing about protecting human rights. 

Tip: No need to write introduction or conclusion to sub questions.